BRUGMANN, Karl Friedrich Christian

BRUGMANN, Karl Friedrich Christian. Wiesbaden 16.3.1849 — Leipzig 29.6.1919. German Indo-Europaean Scholar. Professor in Leipzig. In his early years wrote his name as Brugman (with one n). Born in a family with many children, father later Staatskassendirektor. Gymnasium in Wiesbaden, studies of IE and Sanskrit first at Halle, since 1867 at Leipzig under G. Curtius, Ritschl, Zarncke et al. Ph.D. 1871 Leipzig, philol. staatsexamen 1872 Bonn. As an eager Prussian he was sorry that his shortsightedness prevented military service. He worked now as a teacher, first in Bonn and 1873-77 at Nikolaischule in Leipzig. From 1877 PD “für Sanskrit und vergl. Sprachwissenschaft” at Leipzig. In 1880 visited Lithuania with Leskien. From 1882 ao. Professor at Leipzig, from 1884 Professor of IE at Freiburg (i.Br.) and from 1887 at Leipzig, where Curtius’ chair was turned into that of IE linguistics. Taught there until his death, and was succeeded by Streitberg.

Br. was the accepted leader of the Junggrammarian school and one of the greatest pioneers of comparative IE linguistics. In he 1876 postulated the syllabic nasals for the “Ursprache”. Morphologische Untersuchungen became a manifest of Junggrammarians, and Grundriss was a monument of its time. Tried to reconstruct the “Ursprache” of the period immediately preceding its splitting into separate languages.

Publications: diss. De Graecae linguae productione suppetoria. 1871 (also in Curtius’ Studien 5); Habil.diss. Über Nominalsuffixe -as-, -jas- und -vas-. 99 p. Weimar 1877 (also in KZ 24, 1879, 1-99; articles in KZ, BVSAW, etc.

Nasalis sonans in der idg. Grundsprache. 1876; with H. Osthoff: Morphologische Untersuchungen. 1878; Griechische Grammatik. 1885, 3rd ed. 1900, 4th ed. by A. Thumb 1913.

– “Die achte Conjugationsclasse des altindischen und ihre Entsprechung im griechischen”, KZ 24, 1879, 255-286; “Ueber einige altindische Verba der V. und IX. Conjugationsclasse”, KZ 24, 1879, 286-293.

Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik der indogermanischen Sprachen. 1886-1893, 2nd ed. 1-5. B. 1897/1906-1930, English tr. Comparative Grammar of the Indo-Germanic languages. 1-5. Strassburg 1888-95; Kurze vergleichende Grammatik der idg. Sprachen. 805 p. B. 1902-04.

– “Pronominale Bildungen der idg. Sprachen”, BVSAW 60, 1908, 11-84; “Zur geschichte der hiatischen (zweisilbigen) Vokalverbindungen in den idg. Sprachen”, BVSAW 65, 1913, 141-218; Die demonstrativpronomina der idg. Sprachen. 151 p. ASAW 50:6, 1904; Die distributiven und die kollektiven Numeralia der idg. Sprachen. 80 p. ASAW 54, 1907.

Die Syntax des einfachen Satzes im Indogermanischen. 229 p. IF 43, Beiheft. B. & Lp. 1925.

Sources: *N. Fries, Lex. gramm. 1996, 134f.; F. Sommer, N.D.B. 2, 1953, 667; W. Streitberg, BVSAW 73, 1921, 25*-40*; *Streitberg, Idg.Jb. 7, 1991, 143-148, and 148-152 bibliography 1909-19; photo in Idg.Jb. 6, 1918; Wikipedia (with poor photo).


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