CAMPBELL, Archibald (elder)

CAMPBELL, Archibald. Islay, Hebrides 20.4.1805 (not 1804) — Slough, Berkshire 5.11.1874. British (Scottish) Physician in India. His first name was Archibald, but he usually signed just A. Campbell, which led some to assume Andrew or Arthur. Studies at Glasgow and Edinburgh. 1827, now joined Bengal Medical Service, served in Meerut. From 1832 British Resident in Kathmandu, 1839 moved to Darjeeling, where he became the superintendent of the sanitarium, until 1862. In 1872 returned to U.K., worked as physician in Slough. Married 1841 Miss Lamb, 12 children.

He was led to studies in Kathmandu by Hodgson. Started tea cultivation in Darjeeling in 1841 and developed the town.

Publications: Wrote articles on Himalayan nature and ethnology in JASB vols. 2-27 (listed by R. Mitra in Centenary Review).7, 1868, 144-159, 333

– “On the tribes around Darjeeling”, Transactions of the Ethnol. Soc, .7, 1868, 144-159, 333; “On the Looshais”, JRAnthrInst 3, 1874, 57-65.

Sources: *JAnthrInst 7, 1878, 379-391; Wikipedia (earlier as Arthur C., now corrected); not in Br. Biogr. Arch. 1st & 2nd series.

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