CAMPBELL, George

CAMPBELL, George. 22.3.1824 — Cairo 18.2.1892. Sir. British (Scots) Civil Servant in India, interested in Ethnology. Son of Sir George C. (1778–1854) of Edenwood, surgeon of E.I.C.’s Medical service. Educated at Edinburgh New Academy, St.Andrews, Madras College, and Haileybury. Went to India in 1842, served in the North West Provinces and Cis-Satlaj States, and after the annexion in 1849 in the Pañjab. “While on furlough he was called to the bar from the Inner Temple, 1854… In 1855 he assisted J. R. Colvin in the government of the N.W.P., and became Commissioner of the Cis-Satlaj States; was engaged in the mutiny of 1857, about Delhi, Agra, Cawpur, Lucknow … wrote letters on the mutiny to the Times, and an official account of it for Lord Canning. Was second Civil Commissioner for Oudh, appointed Judge of the High Court, Calcutta, 1862; was head of the Commission on the Orissa famine of 1866-7; Chief Commissioner of the Central Provinces in Nov. 1867; Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal from March 1871 to April 1874, when, on account of ill-health, retired.” He was good administrator, but was not successful as a politician (M.P. of Scottish Liberal Party in 1875-92). K.C.S.I. 1873, D.C.L. of Oxford 1874. Married 1853 Laetitia Maria Vibart, several chilldren.

Publications: Modern India. 1852; The Capital of India. Calcutta 1867.

The Ethnology of India. JASB 35:2 Special Number. Calcutta 1865.

Specimens of Languages of India. 303 p. Calcutta 1874.

Tenure of Land in India. 1876; articles on ethnology and languages in JASB etc.

autobiography, edited by C. E. Bernard 1893.

note that the book, The Eastern Question, sometimes ascribed to him, is by another author

Sources: Buckland, Dictionary; Br. Biogr. Arch. 1st series; Wikipedia briefly with a portrait and a caricature.

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