CASARTELLI, Louis Charles

CASARTELLI, Louis Charles. Manchester 14.11.1852 — Salford 18.1.1925. Right Rev. British (of Italian origin) Iranian Scholar and Catholic Bishop. Son of an Italian exile from Como, North Italy, working as optician in Manchester, and Jane Henrietta Ronchetti, educated at Salford Catholic Grammar School. Studies at Ushaw College (Durham, B.A.) and universities of Louvain (de Harlez) and London. M.A. 1873 London, in 1876 ordained as a priest, Dr. or. litt. 1884 Louvain, Hon. D.D. 1909 Louvain. In 1877-91 Master at St.Bede’s College (his old school with a new name) in Manchester, 1891-1903 Rector of the same. In 1900-03 Professor of Zend and Pehlevi at Louvain, also taught Sanskrit. In 1903-20 Lecturer in Iranian languages, University of Manchester. From 1903 Bishop of Salford. He was a specialist of the Pahlavi literature and Iranian religion.

Publications: Diss. La philosophie religieuse du Mazdéisme sous les Sassanides. 8+192 p. P. 1884 (English transl. Bombay 1889); a number of articles in Le Muséon, JRAS, Babylonian and Oriental Record, ERE, etc.

– “Un traité pehlevi sur la médecine”, Le Muséon 5, 1886, 296-316, 531-558 (Denkart 4, 157 transl. & analysed); “Sâlûtar: La pierre-de-touche du cheval, traduit du Persan”, Le Muséon 9, 1890, 96-104, 185-191, 402-410; “Syêna–Simurgh–Roc. Un chapitre d’évolution mythologique et philologique”, Compte rendu du Congrès scientifique intern. des Catholiques P. 1891, 78-85.

Translated: Traité de médecine Mazdéenne. 51 p. Lv. 1886 (Denkart 2, 157, first publ. in Le Muséon 5); Leaves from my Eastern Garden. 41 p. 1908 (from Vedic Sanskrit and Avesta).

– “Hindu Mythology and Literature as Recorded by Portuguese Missionaries of the Early 17th Century”, Anthropos 1, 1906, 864-876 & 2, 1907, 128-132, 275-281 & 3, 1908, 771f., 1077-1080.

Lectures on Commercial Geography. 4+117 p. Manchester & L. 1884; Sketches of History, chiefly Ecclesiastical. 7+381 p. L. 1906; Moods and Tenses. 1906 (verses); The Popes in the Divina Commedia of Dante. 68 p. L. 1921; etc.

Sources: Who Was Who 1916–28; E. Edwards, JRAS 1925, 380f.; *Bull. of the John Rylands Library 9, 1925, 8f.; A. Panaino, Encyclop. Iranica 5, 1990, 24f. (also listing all his Iranian publications); Wikipedia with photo.

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