CŒDÈS, Georges

CŒDÈS, Georges. Paris 10.8.1886 — Neuilly-sur-Seine 2.10.1969. French South-East Asian Scholar (Historian and Epigraphist). Descended from a family of Hungarian jews. Educated at Lycée Carnot, from 1903 studies of German language (diplom 1906). After one year in Germany in 1908-09 teacher of German at Lycée Condorcet, then served in the army. Interested early in South and especially South-East Asian studies (Sanskrit and Khmer), from 1905 contributed epigraphical articles. In 1911 diplom of É.P.H.É. (sciences relig., with a diss. on Angkor reliefs, under Foucher) and a scholarship of E.F.E.O. in Cambodia. From 1914 professeur de philologie indochinoise there (a research position without much teaching). In 1918-26 Conservator in National Library of Thailand and in 1927-29 General Secretary of Royal Institut in Bangkok. In 1929-47 Director of É.F.E.O. in Hanoi. After 1947 living in retirement in Paris. He had never a teaching post, although gave some courses (1947-51 at É.L.O.V.). In 1965-69 President od Soc. asiatique. One of the most appreciated historians of South-East Asia of his times. Married a lady of Cambodian aristocracy, children.

Publications: Textes d’auteurs grecs et latins relatifs à l’Extrême-Orient. 31+187 p. P. 1910.

– “Notes sur les ouvrages palis composés en pays thai”, BEFEO 15, 1915, 39-46.

– “Le Royaume de Çrīvijaya”, BEFEO 18, 1918, 1-36; “Les inscriptions malaises de Çrīvijaya”, BEFEO 30, 1930, 29-80.

Bronzes khmèrs. 63 p. 51 pl. Ars as. 5. P. 1923.

Recueil des Inscriptions du Siam. 1-2. 167+177 & 52+54 p. Bangkok 1924-29; Inscriptions du Cambodge. 1-8. Hanoi & Paris 1937-66.

– “Documents sur l’histoire politique et religieuse de Laos occidental”, BEFEO 25, 1925, 1-202.

Les États hindouisés d’Indochine et d’Indonésie. 11+468 p. P. 1948 (1st ed. Hanoi 1944); English transl. Honolulu 1968; Les peuples de la péninsule indochinoise: histoire, civilisations. 228 p. P. 1962; English transl. The making of Southeast Asia. Honolulu 1969.

Catalogue des manuscrits en pāli, laotien et siamois provenant de la Thailande, Bibliothèque Royale de Copenhague. 116 p. Copenhague 1966.

– “Une vie indochinoise du Buddha: la Paṭhamasambodhi”, Mélanges Renou 1968, 217-227.

A great number of articles in BEFEO (especially 40 under the general title “Études cambodgiennes” 1911-56), JA, JSiamSoc, etc.

Sources: J. Filliozat, BEFEO 57, 1970, 1-24 with bibliography and photo, also in CRAI 1970 51-60; *Galestin, Jaarboek K.N.A.W. 1969-70, 316-321; P. Singaravélou, D.O.L.F. 226f.; *A. Zigmund-Cerbu & J. Boisselier, Art.As. 24, 1961, 155-186; *BTLV 127, 1971; Chercheurs d’Asie 113-116; Wikipedia; photo also in JA 261, 1973.

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