CROOKE, William. Cork 6.8.1848 — 25.10.1923. Irish Civil Servant and Anthropologist in India. Son of Warren Cr., M.D., of an old Irish family. Educated at the grammar school in Tipperary, and at Trinity College in Dublin. Joined the I.C.S. in 1871, served as magistrate and collector in North-Western Provinces and Oudh. Retired after an uneventful career in 1895. Then living in Cheltenham. C.I.E. 1919, Hon. D.Sc. 1919 Oxford, Litt.D. 1920 Dublin. Married 1884 Alice Carr, five sons.
During his career he keenly studied local customs, religious beliefs and languages and soon started writing on them, and continued this in retirement.
Publications: a number of articles in Journal of the Anthropological Inst., IA, Punjab Notes and Queries, JRAS.
– Materials for a rural and agricultural glossary of the North-Western Provinces and Oudh. 1879, rev. ed. as A glossary of North Indian peasant life. Ed. by Shahid Amin. 290 p. Delhi 1989; A Rural and Agricultural Glossary for the North-West Provinces and Oudh. Calcutta 1888; An ethnographical handbook for the North-Western Provinces and Oudh. Allahabad 1890; The N. W. P. of India, their History, Ethnology, and Administration. 361 p. L. 1897.
– Introduction to the popular religion and folklore of northern India. Allahabad 1894, 2nd rev. ed. as The popular rel. and folklore of n. India. 1-2. 300+360 p. L. 1896, new ed. by R. E. Enthoven as Rel. & folklore of n. India. 471 p. Oxford 1926.
– Tribes and Castes of the N.W.P. and Oudh. 1-4. Calcutta 1896.
– H. Yule & A. C. Burnell: Hobson-Jobson. A Glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases, and of kindred terms, etymological, historical, geographical and discursive. (L. 1886) New ed. [rev.] by W. Crooke. 1021 p. 1903.
– Things Indian. 1906; numerous articles in the E.R.E.
– edited: J. Fryer: A new account of East-India and Persia in eight letters. Being nine years’ travels 1672–1681. Edited with notes and introd. 1-3. Hakluyt Soc. 2nd Series 19, 20, 19. L. 1909-15.
– edited: J. Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan or the Central and Western Rajput States of India. Edited with introd. and notes. 1-3. 119+1862 p. L. 1920; G. A. Herklots, Qanoon-e-Islam, or the Customs of the Moosulmans of India … by Jaffar Shurreef. 40+374 p. 27 pl. Oxford 1921.
Sources: Who Was Who 1916-1928; Buckland, Dictionary; *G.A.G[rierson], JRAS 1924, 147f.; R. C. Temple, IA 53, 1924, 21f.; Wikipedia with further references, also a separate bibliographical entry.
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