CURTIUS, Georg

CURTIUS, Georg. Lübeck 16.4.1820 — Hermsdorf bei Warmbrunn in Silesia (now Poland) 12.8.1885. German Indo-Europaean and Classical scholar. Son of Carl Georg C. (1771-1857; Syndikus of Lübeck) and Dorothea Plessing (1783-1851), younger brother of Ernst C. (1814-96), famous classical archaeologist. After Gymnasium in Lübeck studied classical and IE philology at Bonn (under Welcker, Ritschl, v. Schlegel, Lassen) and Berlin (Boeckh, Lachmann, Bopp). Ph.D. 1842 Berlin. In 1842-45 taught at Gymnasium in Dresden. From 1846 PD of classical philology at Berlin. From 1849 Professor of Classical Philology at Prague, where he soon had Schleicher as colleague. Disappointed with the Austrian university accepted in 1854 the chair at the small university of Kiel. From 1862 Professor at Leipzig. In 1850 married Amalie Reichhelm. It was the great merit of GC to introduce the methods of comparative linguistics to classical philology.

Publications: diss. De nominum Graecorum formatione. B. 1842 (with Sanskrit material); habil. diss. Die Bildung der Tempora und Modi im Griechischen und Lateinischen sprachvergleichend dargestellt. 16+359 p. B. 1846.

Griechische Schulgrammatik. Prag 1852, 23th edition 1902.

Grundzüge der griechischen Etymologie. 1-2. 1858-60, new ed. 897 p. Lp.; Das Verbum der griechischen Sprache. 1-2. 1873-76, 2nd ed. 1877-80.

edited: Studien zur griechischen und lateinischen Grammatik. 1-10. Lp. 1868-78.

– “Zur Chronologie der indogermanischen Sprachforschung”, ASGW 12 (5), 1870, 185-261.

articles in KZ, etc.

Sources: Windisch 423-425; *F. Hassenstein, Lex. gramm. 1996, 214f.; R. Meister, A.D.B. 47, 1903, 597-602; *E. Windisch, G.C. Eine Charakteristik. B. 1887; Wikipedia with photo.

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