DAHLKE, Paul Wilhelm Eduard

DAHLKE, Paul Wilhelm Eduard. Osterode/Ostpreussen 25.1.1865 — Berlin-Frohnau 29.2.1928. German Bauddha, a Physician in Berlin. Son of a gendarme, in a big and poor family. Studied medicine in Berlin and specialized in homeopathy. Dr.Med., later Medizinalrat. Had a succesful homeopathic practice in Berlin. After reading Schopenhauer and A. von Chamisso travelled in 1898 to the Pacific of his dreams and stayed one year in Samoa. Became now interested in Buddhism and travelled in 1900 from Germany to Ceylon, where he had Sri Sumangala Thera, Ñāṇissara Thera, Pandit Wagiswara and others as his teachers. In 1924 founded a kind of monastery, Buddhistische Haus, in Berlin-Frohnau. Knew Pāli and translated texts. His secretary and successor was —> K. Fischer. Also his sister, Bertha Dahlke (1866–1947) was active.

Publications: Arzneimittellehre. 1-2. 1914-16; Heilkunde und Weltanschauung. B. 1928, and other medical publications.

Aufsätze zum Verständnis des Buddhismus. 1903.

translated: Buddhistische Erzählungen. 1904; Digha-Nikaya. 1920; Buddha. Auswahl aus dem Pali-Kanon. 1920; Majjhima-Nikaya. 1924; and probably also the anonymous Dhammapada. B. 1919.

Aufsätze zur Verständnis des Buddhismus. 1-2. 157+137 p. B. 1903; Buddhismus als Weltanschauung. 1912; Die Bedeutung des Buddhismus für unsere Zeit. 1912; Buddhismus als Religion und Moral. 457 p. Lp. 1914; Buddhismus als Wirklichkeits­lehre und Lebensweg. Karlsruhe 1926; and other works on Buddhism.

Buddha. Die Lehre des Erhabenen. 2nd ed. München 1978.

edited: Neubuddhistische Zeitschrift. 1918–, then Brockensammlung. Zeitschrift für angewandten Buddhismus.

many new editions (and some translations), sometimes with changed titles.

Sources: Peiris, Buddhism. 103-107; v. Glasenapp, N.D.B. 3, 1957, 478; Wikipedia (more details in German version).


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