EVEREST, George. Gwerndale (Brecon) 4.6.1790 — London 1.12.1866. Sir. British (Welsh) Colonial Officer and Geographer in India. Eponymous for Mount Everest. Son of Tristram E., educated at Great Marlow and Woolwitch. Came to India in 1806 and served in Bengal Artillery. During the occupation of Java in 1814-16 he was assistant to Raffles surveying the island and became friend with —> Crawfurd. From 1817 assistant of the Great Trigonometrical Survey, in 1823 succeeded colonel Lambton as its Superintendent. From 1830 Surveyor General of India, in 1832-41 “also engaged in measurements of the great Arch of Meridian of India, 21 degrees in length, from Cape Comorin to the Northern frontier.” In 1843 retired and returned to England, in India his successor Waugh named Mount Everest after him. Knighted in 1861. Married, children.
Publications: geographical articles in JASB.
– Measurement of two sections of the meridional arc of India. 1-2. 1847.
Sources: Gosche, Wiss. Jahresber. zu ZDMG 1862-67, 69; Buckland, Dictionary; Wikipedia with photo.