FALLON, Samuel William. Calcutta 1817 — London 3.10.1880. British Teacher in India, Folklorist and Lexicographer. “Entered the Bengal Education Department in his 20th year, was inspector of schools.” Published famous dictionaries, for which he was conferred a Ph.D. in 1862 at Halle University. Retired in 1878 and resided in Delhi, returned to England in 1880, but died soon. Married, children.
Publications: Tārīkh-e Shu‘arā-e Urdū. A History of Urdū Poets, chiefly translated from Garçin de Tassy’s “Histoire de la Littérature Hindoui et Hindoustani”, by S. F. and Moonshee Kareem coddeen. Delhi 1848.
– An English-Hindustani law and commercial Dictionary of words and phrases used in civil, criminal, revenue, political, and mercantile affairs, designed especially to assist translators of law papers. 22+202 p. Calcutta 1858 (Introduction accepted as a Halle dissertation in 1862), new ed. rev. by Lala Faqir Chand. Benares 1888.
– A New Hindustani–English Dictionary, illustrated from Hindustani literature and folklore. 1252 p. Banaras 1879; A New English–Hindustani Dictionary with Illustrations from English Literature and Colloquial English translated into Hindustani. By S.W.F., assisted by Lala Faqir Chand, Vaish, of Delhi. 3+674+4 p. Banaras & L. 1883.
– A Hindustani–English Law and Commercial Dictionary, comprising many Law Phrases and Notes in addition to the Law Phrases given in the general Dictionary. 2+283 p. Banaras 1879.
– A Dictionary of Hindustani Proverbs. Including Many Marwari, Panjabi, Maggah, Bhojpuri and Tirhuti Proverbs, Sayings, Emblems, Aphorisms, Maxims and Similes. Ed. by R. C. Temple. 1. 320 p. Benares & L. 1886.
Sources: Buckland, Dictionary; JRAS Proc. 1881, ix; *W.N. Hakala, Negotiating Languages: Urdu, Hindi, and the Definition of Modern South Asia. N.Y. 2016, ch. 5.
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