FORMICHI, Carlo

FORMICHI, Carlo. Naples 14.2.1871 — Rome 13.12.1943. Italian Indologist. Professor in Rome. Son of a stockbroker, mother of Greek origin. Studied at Naples law and letters (Indology under Kerbaker), laureatosi in Giurisprudenza 1891, in Lettere 1893. In 1894-95 taught at Ginnasio di Reggio di Calabria. In 1896-97 further studies of philosophy and Sanskrit at Kiel under Deussen and Oldenberg. From 1897 Libera docenza in filologia sanscrita at Naples. Further studies under Bühler at Vienna, then taught Sanskrit at Bologna and in 1898-99 at Pisa. From 1902 Professor straordinario of Sanskrit at Pisa, from 1905 Professor ord. there, for a while also acting Professor of English. From 1915 until his retirement in 1941 Professor of Sanskrit at Rome. In 1925 visiting Professor at Visvabharati University. 1929 Academico d’Italia. Hon. Dr. of Laws, Berkeley.

CF was mainly interested in Indian philosophy (Upaniṣads and Vedānta) and religions, also in Nītiśāstra. Later he concentrated on Buddhism. Among his students were Belloni-Filippi, Bonardi, Ferrari, Filippani-Ronconi, Pisani, Pizzagalli and Tucci. He was an ardent fascist.

Publications: Il primo Capitolo della Brahma-Upanishad. 7+15 p. Kiel & Lp. 1897.

– “Il Brahmán nel Rigveda”, GSAI 10, 1896-97, 161-174.

Gl’Indiani e la loro scienza politica. 118 p. Bologna 1899; Salus populi. Saggio di scienza politica. 148 p. Torino 1908.

– “Il Nîtisâra di Kâmandaki”, GSAI 12, 1899, 207-223; 13, 1900, 61-85; 14, 1901, 101-119; 15, 1902, 79-136; 16, 1903, 275-306; 17, 1904, 295-316.

With F. Belloni-Filippi: Lezioni sul pensiero religiose e filosofico dell’India. 1910.

Açvaghosa poet del Buddismo. 13+409 p. Bari 1912 (with 123-286 Buddhacarita 1–13 translated).

La dottrina di Gotama Buddha e i suoi valori umani. 6+6 p. Rome 1913.

Pensiero e azione nell’India antica. 23 p. Rome 1914; I primi principii della politica secondo Kamandaki. 140 p. Rome 1925.

Cenni sulle più antiche religioni dell’India. Rome 1917.

Translated: Kâlidâsa: La stirpe di Raghu. 260 p. Milano 1917.

Apologia del Buddhismo. 98 p. Rome 1923, French and Spanish translations 1926.

Il pensiero religioso nell’India prima del Buddha. 8+287 p. Storia delle religioni 5. Bologna 1925.

– “The ‘Upanishads’ as the Land-Mark in the history of Indian thought Journal of Dept. of Letters (Calcutta Univ.) 15, 1927, 82-130.

India e indiani. 271 p. 16 pl. Milano 1929; Sette saggi indiani. 141 p. Bologna 1938; India. Pensiero ed Azione. 15+405 p. Milano 1944.

Edited with V. Pisani: Scritti inediti di M. Kerbaker. Il Mahābhārata tradotto in ottava rima nei suoi principali episodi. Rome 1932-39 (c. 5000 verses).

A number of articles in Bilychnis, etc.

Grammatica razionale della lingua inglese. 1-2. Milano 1919-20; Letture inglesi. 1-3. Milano 1917-23; Guglielmo Shakespeare. Rome 1918; etc. on Anglistics. Translated: Otello. Naples 1925; Amleto. Rome 1928; Swift’s I viaggi di Gulliver. Milano 1933.

Sources: A. Ballini, RSO 21, 1946, 117-120; *P.A. Carozzi, “Un’ amicizia tra Indologia e Accademia: C.F. scrive a Uberto Pestalozza”, Fs. Carlo Della Casa 1997, ??-??; M. Ghosh, IHQ 20, 1944, 208f.; N. Mottaïs, Les acteurs fascistes du dialogue Indo-Italien : l’exemple de Giuseppe Tucci (1922-1944). Université de Lorraine 2017, 84–90 (hal.univ-lorraine.fr); K. Nag, “The Visvabharati and Prof. C.F.”, K. Nag (ed.), Greater India. Bombay 1960, 616f.; L. Piretti Santangelo in Franci 1985, 69-79; P. Tavian, D.B.I. 49, 1997 (online); Works in Gli studi orientali in Italia 1861–1911 and Porru 1940; Wikipedia briefly; photo in Sardesai.

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