FORMICHI, Carlo

FORMICHI, Carlo. Naples 14.2.1871 — Rome 13.12.1943. Italian Indologist. Professor in Rome. Studied at Naples law and letters (Indology under Kerbaker), laureatosi in Giurisprudenza 1891, in Lettere 1893. In 1894-95 taught at Ginnasio di Reggio di Calabria. In 1896-97 further studies of philosophy and Sanskrit at Kiel under Deussen and Oldenberg. From 1897 Libera docenza in filologia sanscrita at Naples. Further studies under Bühler at Vienna, then taught Sanskrit at Bologna and in 1898-99 at Pisa. From 1902 Professor straordinario of Sanskrit at Pisa, from 1905 Professor ord. there, for a while also acting Professor of English. From 1915 until his retirement in 1941 Professor of Sanskrit at Rome. In 1925 visiting Professor at Visvabharati University. 1929 Academico d’Italia. Hon. Dr. of Laws, Berkeley.

CF was mainly interested in Indian philosophy (Upaniṣads and Vedānta) and religions, also in Nītiśāstra. Later he concentrated on Buddhism. On his fascist connections see Garzilli. Among his students were Bonardi, Ferrari, Filippani-Ronconi, and Pisani. Fascist.

Publications: Il primo Capitolo della Brahma-Upanishad. Kiel & Lipsia 1897.

– “Il Brahmán nel Rigveda”, GSAI 10, 1896-97, 161-174.

Gl’Indiani e la loro scienza politica. 118 p. Bologna 1899; Salus populi. Saggio di scienza politica. 148 p. Torino 1908.

– “Il Nîtisâra di Kâmandaki”, GSAI 12, 1899, 207-223; 13, 1900, 61-85; 14, 1901, 101-119; 15, 1902, 79-136; 16, 1903, 275-306; 17, 1904, 295-316.

with Belloni-Filippi: Lezioni sul pensiero religiose e filosofico dell’ India. 1910.

Açvaghosa poet del Buddismo. 13+409 p. Bari 1912 (with 123-286 Buddhacarita 1–13 translated).

translated: Kâlidâsa: La stirpe di Raghu. Milano 1917.

Apologia del Buddhismo. 1923, French and Spanish translations 1926.

Il pensiero religioso nell’ India prima del Buddha. 8+287 p. Storia delle religioni 5. Bologna 1925.

edited with V. Pisani: Scritti inediti di M. Kerbaker. Il Mahābhārata tradotto in ottava rima nei suoi principali episodi. 1932-39 (c. 5000 verses).

a number of articles.

Grammatica razionale della lingua inglese. 1-2. 1919-20; Letture inglesi. 1-3. 2nd ed. 1921-31; Guglielmo Shakespeare. 1918; etc. on Anglistics. Translated: Otello. 1925; Il Re Lear. 19??.

Sources: A. Ballini, RSO 21, 1946, 117-120; *P.A. Carozzi, “Un’ amicizia tra Indologia e Accademia: C.F. scrive a Uberto Pestalozza”, Fs. Carlo Della Casa 1997, ??-??; M. Ghosh, IHQ 20, 1944, 208f.; K. Nag, “The Visvabharati and Prof. C.F.”, K. Nag (ed.), Greater India. Bombay 1960, 616f.; Gli studi orientali in Italia 1861–1911.; *Gabrieli, Bibliogr.; Wikipedia briefly.

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