AL-GEORGE, Sergiu. Tărgu Mureş 13.9.1922 — Bucharest 10.11.1981. Romanian Indologist. Born in Transylvania, son of Vasile A.-G. and Antonina Donos. Studied medicine and specialized in phoniatrics. Worked as a physician and studied Sanskrit and Tibetan. To some extent pupil or follower of M. Eliade. While others emigrated, he worked still in Bucharest, and eventually became the last member of the old school of Indology in Romania, suppressed by the Ceau­sescu régime. In 1958-64 he was in prison, which apparently broke his health. In the early 1970s he was able to teach Indology in the newly founded Faculty of Oriental languages. He died of a heart-attack a few days after his return from the 5th World Sanskrit Conference in Varanasi. His main interests were in Pāṇini, in Semiotics, Linguistics and Logic.

Publications: “Le mythe de l’atman et la genése de l’absolu dans la pensée indienne”, REIE 4, 1947, 227-246; “Le sujet grammatical chez Pāṇini”, St&AOr 1, 1957, 39-49; “La fonction révélatrice des consonnes chez les phonéticiens de l’Inde antique”, Cahiers de linguistique théorique et eppliquée 2, 1966, 11-15; “The Semiosis of Zero according to Pāṇini”, E & W 17, 1967, 115-124; “The Extra-linguistic Origin of Pāṇini’s syntactic Categories and their Linguistic Accuracy”, JOIB 18, 1968, 1-7; “Sign (lakṣana) and Propositional Logic in Pāṇini”, E & W 19, 1969, 173-193; “Lakṣana ‘grammatical rule’”, JGJhaKSVp 27, 1971, 213-221; “Are Pāṇini’s sūtras descriptive or prescriptive sentences?”, ABORI Diamond Jub. Vol. 1977-78, 27-36; “On negative compounds: a parallel between Pāṇini and Aristotle”, Dacoromania 5, 1979-80, 1-4; “Un manuscrit tibétain en Roumanie”, Annals of the “Sergiu Al-George” Institute 1, 1992, 11-14 & “Nouvelles données sur le manuscrit tibétain de Conţeşti”, ibid. 15-22; etc.

With A. Roşu: “Indriya et le sacrifice des prāṇa”, MIO 5, 1957, 346-397; “Pūrṇa ghaṭa et le symbolisme du vase dans l’Inde”, Arts as. 4, 1957, 243-254.

– “Brâncuşi et l’Inde”, Revue Roumaine d’histoire de l’art, série Beaux Arts 18, 1981, 3-53.

Filozofia indiana in texte. Bhagavad-Gita, Samkhya-Karika, Tarka-Samgraha. Traducere din limba sanscrita, studiu introductiv, notiţe introductiv, comentarii şi note. 253 p. Bucureşti 1971; Limbă şi gîndire în cultura indiană. Buc. 1976; Archaic si universal. Buc. 1981.

Sources: C. Nicoa & R. Bercea in Annals of the “Sergiu Al-George” Institute 1, 1992; A. Rosu, ABORI 63, 1982, 382f.; not in Ionesco’s WWW; *Romanian Wikipedia.

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