GAIT, Edward Albert

GAIT, Edward Albert. 16.8.1863 — Ealing, London 14.3.1950. Sir. British Civil Servant and Assamese Scholar in India. Son of John James Gait. Graduated from University College, London. Entered I.C.S. in 1882. Became 1893 Director of Land Records in Assam, 1895 Secretary to Chief Commissioner of Assam, 1897 Magistrate and Collector in Bengal, 1903 Census Commissioner for India, 1905 Financial Secretary and Member of Legislative Council of Bengal, 1905 Commissioner of Chota Nagpur, 1907 Chief Secretary to Government of Bengal, 1909 Census Commissioner for India. In 1912-15 Member of Executive Council of Bihar and Orissa, 1915-20 Lieutenant-Governor of the same, in 1922-27 Member of Council of India. In retirement lived in Ealing. Married 1897 Christian Maud Stephen, one daughter. C.I.E. 1907, C.S.I. 1912, K.C.S.I. 1915. Hon. Ph.D. 1918 Patna.

Publications: A History of Assam. Report on the Census of Assam, 1891. Calcutta 1893; A History of Assam. Calcutta 1906, 2nd ed. 20+388 p. Calcutta 1926; Report of the progress of historical research in Assam. 75 p. Shillong 1897; Report on the Census of Bengal 1901. Calcutta 1903; administrational works on Assam.

– Manual of local rules and orders under enactments applying to Assam. 430 p. 1893; Manual of executive rules and orders in force in Assam. 832 p. 1893; The Assam immigration manual. 228 p. 1893; The Assam Land Revenue Manual. 1896.

With W. E. Ward: The Assam land revenue manual. 189+460+39 p. Calcutta 1896.

Coauthor: Report on the Census of India, 1901. 1-2. Calcutta 1903; Report on the Census of India, 1911. Calcutta 1913ff.

North-eastern India: geography, archaeology, forests, flora, religion & races. 317 p. 1929.

– “The Koch kings of Kámarúpa”, JASB 62:1, 1893, 268-308; “Abstract of the Contents of one of the Āhōm Puthis”, JASB 63, 1894, 108-111; “Note on some Coins of the Koch Kings”, JASB 64, 1895, 237-241; “Some Notes on Jaintiā History”, JASB 64, 1895, 242-248.

Sources: Who Was Who 1941-50; Wikipedia; portrait in National Gallery homepage.

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