GARCIA AYUSO, Francisco

GARCIA AYUSO, Francisco. Valverde del Camino (V. del Majano) near Segovia 24.7.1835 — Madrid 17.5.1897. Spanish Indo-Iranian Scholar. Lost his parents when 11. Studies of humanities at Segovia. In 1859 went to Tangier and Tetuan, where he learned Arabic and Hebrew. After returning studied at the Seminary of El Escorial Greek, Latin and modern languages. Taught Hebrew, French and German at the Seminary of Avila. In 1868 to Munich, where studied Syriac, Ethiopian, Turkish, Arabic, Persian, Avestan, and Sanskrit (under Haug). In 1870 back to Madrid, where he soon became Professor auxilario at Universidad Central and catedrático de alemán at Escuela de Comercio. From 1893 member of Royal Spanish Academy. Among his few Sanskrit students were Gelabert y Gordiola and Daza de Campos.

Publications: El estudio de la filologia en su relación con el sanscrito. 10+376 p. Madrid 1871.

Spanish translations: Vikramorvasi, drama del poeta indio Kalidasa en cinco actos. 136 p. Madrid 1872; Sakúntala, drama en siete actos del poeta indio Kalidasa, version directa des Sanskrit. 140 p. Madrid 1875.

Estudios sobre oriente. Los pueblos iranios y Zoroastro. 270 p. Madrid 1874.

Ensayo crítico de gramática comparada de los idiomas indoeuropeas. 295 p. Madrid 1877.

Translated: R. N. Cust: Las religiones y los idiomas de la India. Madrid 1883.

El nirvana budista en sus relaciones con otros sistemas filosóficos. Madrid 1885 (called his dr. diss.).

Las oposiciones de scuito, por varios aficionados al estudio des sanscrito. 30 p. Madrid 1897.

Geography of Iran (1876), and Afghanistan (1879).

Spanish grammars of Arabic (1871), French (1879), English (1881), and German (1882).

A great number of other books and translations unrelated with India.

Sources: Alvarez 55-60; Enciclopedia universal ilustrada. 25, 1924, 772 with small photo; two further accounts in Arch. biogr. 2nd set; M. Pedrazuela Fuentes, “Ramón Cabrera, Agustín García de Arrieta y Fr.G.A.: tres académicos de la lengua segovianos”, Estudios Segovianos 57, 2015, 311-338 (333-336 on G.A.).; Spanish Wikipedia.

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