GERINI, Gerolamo Emilio. Cisano sul Neva (Albenga) 10.3.1860 — Turin 11.10.1913. Italian Officer and South-East Asian Scholar in Thailand. Colonel. Son of Carlo G., Professor of Oenology at Turin, and Veronica Rosso. After Military Academy of Modena served in Italian army 1879-81. From 1881 twentyfive years in Thailand as military instructor, founded military academy, and advanced to general instructor of Thailand army. During this period he learnt the main languages of South-East Asia and devoted his leisure to studies, which he continued also in Italy. He was among the founding members of the Siam Society. His heirs donated his large library to Istituto Orientale di Napoli. He was industrious scholar, but his magnum opus on Ptolemy met with hard and unfortunately well deserved criticism.
Publications: A Retrospective View and Account of the Origin of the “Thet Maha Ch’at” Ceremony (Maha-Jati Desana), or Exposition of the Tale of the Great Birth, as performed in Siam. 1892.
– “Chulakanta-mangala” or the Tonsure Ceremony, as performed in Siam. 145 p. Bangkok 1895.
– “Notes on the Early Geography of Indo-China”, JRAS 1897, 551-577; completely rev. and much enl. ed. Researches on Ptolemy’s Geography of Eastern Asia (Further India and Indo-Malay Peninsula). 22+945 p. Asiatic Society Monographs 1. L. 1909.
– in Asiatic Quart. Review: “Trial by Ordeal in Siam and the Siamese Law of Ordeals”, April & July 1895, 29 p.; “Siam’s Intercourse with China (7th to 19th Centuries)”, 1900-02, c. 105 p.; “A Trip to the Ancient Ruins of Kamboja”, April 1904, 355-398, April 1905, 361-394, July 1905, 89-101
– Catalogue d’un collection de Monnaies Anciennes et Modernes et de Medailles du Siam,… exposé par Mme da Costa, Hanoi 1902. 1902.
– “Siamese Archaeology: A Synoptical Sketch”, JRAS 1904, 233-247; “The Nagarakretagama List of Countries on the Indo-Chinese Mainland”, ib. 1905, 485-511; “Historical Retrospect of Junkceylon Island”, JSiamSoc 1905, 121-268.
– “On Siamese Proverbs and Idiomatic Expressions”, JSiamSoc 1904, 11-168.
– “Chinese Riddles on Ancient Indian Toponymy”, JRAS 1910, 1187-1201 & 1911, 437-445.
– Catalogo descrittivo della mostra Siamese all’ esposizione internazionale di Torino. 1911, English tr. Siam and its Productions, Arts and Manufactures. 1912.
– wrote on tactics, military questions and archaeology in Thai, brief articles in English and Italian.
Sources: *H. Cordier, TP 15, 1914, 280f.; G.V., RSO 6, 1914-15, 927-930 (with bibliography); Wikipedia.
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