GOLOUBEW, Victor (Viktor V. Golubev). St.Petersburg 12.2.1878 — Hanoi 19.4.1945. Russian Art Historian in France. Born in an aristocratic family. In 1896-1900 studied history and archaeology under M. I. Rostovcev in St.Petersburg. In 1901-04 further studies at Heidelberg, Ph.D. 1904 in German Philology, then settled with his wife in Paris, moved in high society. He is described as a rich layman from Crimea, who became early interested in Indian, Iranian and South-East Asian art. In he 1910/11 travelled in India and photographed Ajaṇṭā (publ. 1927), etc. The taught Indian art at É.L.O.V. In WW I colonel of French Red Cross organizing ambulances. After having lost his property in revolution he sold his famous collection of Asian art, took French citizenship and worked in 1920-43 at É.F.E.O. in Hanoi. In 1900 married Nathalie de Cros, who then left him with Gabriele d’Annunzio. A virtuoso of violin. Died of an illness during the Japanese occupation.
He was an important pioneer of art photography (Ajaṇṭā). At É.F.E.O. he made important studies on Angkor, arranged their exhibitions in France and developed aerial photography. From WW I he was a friend of Pétain and during WW II supported him and tried to develop Franco-Japanese relations.
Publications: Peintures bouddhiques aux Indes. A.M.G., Bibl. de Vulg. 40. P. 1914.
– La descente de la Ganga sur Terre. Ars as. 3. 1921.
– Documents pour servire à l’étude d’Ajanta. Les peintures de la première Grotte. 48 p. 71 pl. Ars as. 10. Bruxelles 1927.
– much on South-East Asian art in BEFEO etc., e.g. Le Temple d’Angkor Vat. 2. La sculpture ornamentale du temple. 1-2. 18 p. pl. 151-286. E.F.E.O., Mém. arch. 2. P. 1930.
Sources: *J. Auboyer, Art.As. 10, 1947, 64-68; H. von Glasenapp, Leben 64; *R.L. briefly in Revue arch. 6:35, 1950, 102; *Malleret, BEFEO 53, 1967, 331ff.; *Ju. N. Rërih & B. N. Vampilov, Problemy vostokoved. 1959:3, 214f.; P.Singaravélou, D.O.L.F. 453f.; Chercheurs d’Asie 120-123; not in D.B.F.