AMUNDSEN, Edward. Kirkeholmen, Vestre Kragerø 27.1.1873 — Larvik 21.11.1928. Norwegian Missionary and Tibetan Scholar. Born in a strictly religious home he decided early to become a missionary. After being ordained in 1893, he went to England and joined the new Tibetan Pioneer Mission. He went soon to India, where he attempted to penetrate Tibet reaching 8 days distance from Lhasa. Unable to work from India he then settled in 1896 in Szechuan, China, learnt Chinese, and founded a station at Ta-chen-lu near Tibetan border. From there made a long trek to South-eastern Tibet in 1898-99. In 1900 he fled before the Boxers to India. Began translating the Bible and other religious books in Tibetan. From 1903 Superintendent of the British and Foreign Bible Society for South-west China and Tibet, made several journeys in the area. In 1915 he quitted the British sevice, returned home and worked then in 1919-24 for Det Norske Missionsforbund. His last years he spent in Larvik in Norway. Married with Petra Næss, also a Norwegian missionary. Known of his study on the Tibetan tonal system.
Publications: Primer of Standard Tibetan. Darjeeling c. 1900.
– Account of his travels in Tibet, Georgr. Journal 15-16, 1900.
– In the Land of the Lamas: The story of Trashilhamo. London, 1910 (a novel).
Sources: O.J. Skattum, Norsk Biogr. Lex. 1, 1923, 121f.; Ascheborgs Konversasjons Leksikon 4th ed. 1, 1954; Norwegian Wikipedia; *A. E. Køhler, “Edward Amundsen – en norsk misjonær, språkforsker og oppdagelsesreisende (1873–1928)”, Tidsskrift for Telemark historielag 1985, 131-147.