HACKMANN, Heinrich

HACKMANN, Heinrich Friedrich. Gaste near Osnabrück 31.8.1864 (1865?) — Hildesheim 13.7.1935. German Sinologist, Lutheran Theologian and Scholar of Comparative Religion in the Netherlands. Professor in Amsterdam. Son of Ernst H., a village teacher, and Clara Koch. Studies at Leipzig and Göttingen, Lic. theol. 1893 Göttingen. Also worked as teacher. After one year as PD at Göttingen he was minister of the German community in Shanghai in 1894-1901. In 1901 and 1902-03 extensive travels in inlands of South China and over the border to Burma. In 1904-10 minister of the German community in London, then again travelled in South and East Asia in order to study Buddhism. From 1913 ord. Professor of History of Religions at Amsterdam, retired in 1930 (or 1934). In retirement living in Hildesheim. Married with Gabriele Vogler.

Publications: diss. Die Zukunftserwartung des Jesaia. 5+174 p. Göttingen 1893

Vom Omi bi Bhamo: Wanderungen an den Grenzen von China, Tibet und Burma. 382 p. Halle 1905.

Der Buddhismus. 1. Der Ursprung des Buddhismus und die Geschichte seiner Ausbreitung. 2. Der südliche B. und der Lamaismus. 3. Der B. in China, Korea und Japan. Religionsgeschichtliche Volksbücher für die deutsche christliche Gegenwart 3:4-5 & 7. Tübingen 1905-06.

Buddhism as a religion: its historical development and its present conditions. 13+315 p. L. 1910.

Welt des Ostens. 12+448 p.Berlin 1912.

Laien-Buddhismus in China: das Lung shu Ching tʻu wên des Wang Jih hsiu. 16+347 p. Gotha 1924 (his main work).

Chinesische Philosophie. 406 p. München 1927; Der Zusammenhang zwischen Schrift und Kultur in China. 88 p. München 1928; other Sinological works.

Erklärendes Wörterbuch zum chinesischen Buddhismus. Chinesisch–Sanskrit–Deutsch. Überarbeitet von J. Nobel. Fasc. 1-6. A–Ni-Shih-t’au. 348 p. Ld. 1951-54.

Sources: T. Grimm, N.D.B. 7, 1966, 413f.; A. Ötzen 1995 in http://wwwuser.gwdg.de/~aoezen/Archiv_RGS/hackmann_noframe.htm; briefly German Wikipedia.

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