JACOBSOHN, Herman. Lüneburg 30.8.1879 — Marburg a.d. Lahn 27.4.1933. German Linguist (Iranian, IE and Greek Scholar). Professor in Marburg. Son of Moritz J., a banker. Studies at Breslau, Berlin and Göttingen. Ph-D. München. From 1908 PD at München, from 1911 ao. Professor at Marburg and from 1919 ord. there for IE Linguistics. As a Jew he had to give up his chair and depressed committed suicide jumping before a train. Married, his son Helmuth J. was an Egyptologist.
According to Meillet he was among the best comparativists of the Berlin School. His Arier und Ugrofinnen was a fundamental work, though later superseded by Collinder and Joki. In the WWW I he served as interpreter and learned Estonian, Karelian and Russian from war prisoners.
Publications: much on Greek.
– Arier und Ugrofinnen. 270 p. Göttingen 1922; articles on Indo-Iranian and Uralic contacts, KZ 1927, 1928.
– “Σκυθικά”, KZ 54, 1927, 254-286 & 55, 1928, 33-35; “Zum Mitteliranischen”, KZ 56, 1929, 127-130; “Zahlsystem und Gliederung der idg. Sprachen”, KZ 54, 1927, 76-99 (cf. Fs. Wackernagel).
Sources: *J. Gulya, Lex. gramm. 1996, 468f.; *Lommel, Idg. Jb. 19, 1935, 335-340 with bibliography; Meillet, BSL 34, 1933, xxivf.; *R. Verroen et al. (ed.), Leben Sie? Die Geschichte der deutsch-jüdischen Familie Jacobsohn. Marburg 2000; D.G.K. 1926, 1931; photo in Idg. Jb. 18, 1934; German Wikipedia.
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