HERMANNS, Matthias

HERMANNS, Matthias. Köln-Niehl 31.5.1899 — 5.1.1972. Father, SVD. German Missionary, Ethnologist and Tibetan Scholar. A Roman Catholic priest. Educated in 1914-17 and 1919-21 in the Netherlands, in 1917-18 trained as a pilot in Lübeck. Entered then the Society of Divine Word (SVD) and studied at seminary in Mödling, ordained 1928. In 1929 to China, first studied Chinese, from 1934 also Tibetan. He worked as missionary in the Koonor area of Amdo (Qinghai) until the Communist rule impended missionary work, but also began anthropologicl studies in collaboration with Dominik Schröder. Ph.D. 1948 Fribourg. When China became closed he spent some time in Europe and hen went to India and Nepal. Back to Euripe in 1960, now taught at Steyler Institute in Munich, retired 1968. Last years living at Anthropos Institute in Sankt Augustin near Bonn.

As anthropologist he was a member of P. Wilhelm Schmidt’s Vienna school.

Publications: Vom Urmenschen zur Hochkultur: Chinas Ursprung und Entwicklung. 316 p. Jenchowfu 1935; Schöpfungs- und Abstammungsmythen der Tibeter. 55 p. 1946..

Die Nomaden von Tibet. Innerasiatische Hirtenkulturen, Ursprung und Entwicklung der Viehzucht. 325 p. Wien 1949.

Diss. publ. Die A mdo pa-Grosstibeter. Die sozialwirtschaftlichen Grundlagen der Hirtenkulturen Innerasiens. 327 p. 12 pl. Mödling b. Wien 1950.

The Indo-Tibetans: The Indo-Tibetan and Mongoloid Problem in the Southern Himalaya and North-Northeast India. 16+159 p. Bombay 1954; Hinduism and Tribal Culture. 59 p. Bombay 1957.

The Evolution of a Man. 139 p. Allahabad 1955 (against Darwinism).

Himmelsstier und Gletscherlöwe. Mythen, Sagen und Fabeln aus Tibet. 258 p. Eisenach & Kassel 1955; Mythen und Mysterien, Magie und Religion der Tibeter. 400 p. Köln 1956.

Die Familie der A-mdo Tibeter. 403 p. Freiburg i.B. 1959.

– “Tibetische Dialekt von A-mdo”, Anthropos 47, 1962.

Translated: Das National-Epos der Tibeter: gLing König Ge-sar. 1-2. 962 p. Regensburg 1965.

Die religiös-magische Weltanschauung der Primitivstämme Indiens. 1. Die Bhagoria Bhil. 16+543 p. Wb. 1964; 2. Die Bhilala, Korku, Gond, Baiga. 12+571 p. 36 pl. Wb. 1966; 3. Die Oraon. 420 p. Wb. 1973.

Schamanen – Pseudoschamanen, Erlöser und Heilbringer. 1-3. Wb. 1970; and further works.

Sources: *D. Schröder, Anthropos 67, 1972, 1-8; Wikipedia.

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