HESSLER, Franz

HESSLER, Franz. Krombach bei Aschaffenburg 15.10.1799 — Munich 17.6.1890. German Physician and Indologist in Bavaria. Son of a farmer, educated in Aschaffenburg. Began his philological studies at Würzburg, then 1822-27 medicine and philology at Heidelberg and Würzburg. Ph.D. (dr. phil.) 1827 Würzburg. From 1828 Assistant Physician in Würzburg, 1830 Proberelation examination in Bamberg. From 1833 Court Physician in Miesbach, from 1834 in Wemding. From 1862 Bezirksarzt II Classe in Geisenfeld. In 1873 retired, lived in Munich concentrating on his Āyurvedic studies. Married. From 1852 ordinary member of Bavarian A.W. His Suśruta edition was much criticized, but was important as one of the earliest detailed accounts of āyurveda in the West.

Publications: Phil. diss. De antiqua, inter Alexandrinos quae viguit, philosophiae indole. Wirceburgi 1827.

Med. diss. De antiquorum Hindorum medicina et scientiis physicis quae in Sanscritis operibus exstant. 26 p. Wirceburgi 1830.

translated: Susrutas Ayurvedas id est Medicinae systema a venerabili d’Hanvantare demonstratum, a Susruta discipulo compositum, nunc primum a sanscrita in Latinam sermonem vertit, introductionem, annotationes et rerum indicem adjecit. 1-5. Erlangae 1844-55.

In SBaAW Mathematisch-Physikalische Klasse: “Ueber die Materia medica des ältesten indischen Arztes Tscharaka”, SBaAW 13, 1883, 364-371; “Ueber Entwickelung und System der Natur nach Gangādhara, dem Scholiasten des Tscharaka”, SBaAW 14, 1884, 325-332; “Ueber Naturgeschichte der alten Inder”, SBaAW 17, 1887, 43-51; “Beiträge zur Naturphilosophie der alten Hindu”, SBaAW 18, 1888; “Generelle Übersicht der Heilmittel in dem Áyúrveda des Susrutas”, SBaAW 19, 1889, 153-166.

Sources: A.D.B. 50; C. von Voit, SBAW Math.-Phys. Kl. 21, 1891, 139-146.

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