HOROVITZ, Josef. Lauenburg/Pommern 26.7.1874 — Frankfurt 5.2.1931. German Orientalist (Arabic Scholar). Born in a Jewish family, son of the orthodox Rabbi and historian Marcus H. (1844–1910, originally from Hungary), his brother was the Rabbi and philologist Jacob H. (1873–1939). Educated in Frankfurt. Studies at Marburg and Berlin (under Sachau), Ph.D. 1897. In 1898 in London. From 1902 PD at Berlin. In 1905-06 study tour in Egypt, Syria and Palestina. In 1907-14 Professor of Arabic at Mohammedan-Anglo-Oriental-College in Aligarh, India. Also Government Epigraphist for Moslem Inscriptions. In 1915 returned to Frankfurt and was Professor there until his death. In the 1920s participated in the foundation of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
JH was specially interested in early Islam, but also developed to a specialist of Indian Islam and Islamic epigraphy of India. In Indology he is known of his theory deriving Indian drama from Greek mimus.
Publications: diss. De Waqidii libroque Kitâb al magazi inscribitur. 1897.
– Die Haschinijjat des Kumait. 1904; Ibn Saad, Biogr. Vol. III J. II. 1904.
– Spuren griechischer Mimen im Orient. 1905.
– edited the Epigraphia Indo-Moslemica 1909-12, wrote reviews on Indian subjects in OLZ.
– Indien under britischer Herrschaft. 6+136 p. Lp. 1928.
– Koranische Untersuchungen. 1926.
Sources: *W.J. Fischel & S.D. Goitein, J.H., 1874–1931. 1932, with bibliography; E.H., Rnc. Iud. 8, 1971, 980f.; Wer ist’s? 3rd ed. 1908; German Wikipedia.