HAENISCH, Erich

HAENISCH, Erich. Berlin 27.8.1880 — Stuttgart 21.12.1966. German Sinologist and Mongolist. Professor. Son of an attorney, educated in Berlin. In 1899-1903 studied Chinese, Mongolian and Manchu at Berlin (W. Grube, also listened to Pischel and J. Oppert), Ph.D. 1904. In 1904-11 in China, teaching at military schools in Wuchang and Changsha, travelled around China, Central Asia and Eastern Tibet. Back in Berlin Assistant of F. W. K. Müller in Museum für Völkerkunde. PD 1913 Berlin for Manchu and Mongolian, in WW I served as officer,, then in 1920-25 ao. Professor for the same at Berlin. In 1925–31 Professor of Sinology at Leipzig (succeeding Conrady), in 1932–45 at Berlin (succeeding O. Franke). In 1928 visited China and Mongolia, 1936 China. Critical towards Nazis, the only German Sinologist who signed the petition on behalf of Maspéro. After war in 1947-51 Professor at Munich, then emeritus. Member of Leipzig A.W. 1930 and Berlin A.W. 1942. Also knew Tibetan. Married, the Japanologist Wolf H. (1908–1976) was his son. Haenisch was known as a historian and a specialist of Confucianism.

Publications: Diss. Die chinesische Redaktion des Sanang-Setsen. Geschichte der Ostmongolen. Im Vergleiche mit dem mongolischen Urtext. 29 p. B. 1904; hab.diss. Der Aufstand des Wu San-kuei. 127 p. Leiden 1913.

– Much on Sinology, Manchu and Mongolian.

– “Bruchstücke aus der Geschichte Chinas unter der Gegenwärtigen Dynastie: I. Die Eroberung von Tibet, aus dem ‘Feldzug gegen die Dsungaren’ auszugsweise übersetzt”, TP N.S. 12, 1911, 197-235, 375-424; “Die Eroberung des Goldstromlandes in Ost-Tibet. Als Beitrag zur chinesischen Kolonial­ge­schichte des 18. Jahrhunderts übersetzt aus Wei Yüan’s Sheng-wu-ti und erläutert aus den Akten”, AM 10, 1934/35, 262-313.

– Dokumente aus dem Jahre 1788 zur Vorgeschichte des Gorkha-Krieges. 45 p. 66 facs. pl. ABaAW N.F. 49, Munich 1959 (Nr. 1-35 Mandschu-Akten, 36-57 chinesische Akten, 58-60 Tibetische A.).

– “Das Vorwort zur kaiserlichen Druckausgabe des tibetischen Tandjur v. J. 1724”, AOHu 15, 1962, 125-141 (in Chinese and Manchu).

Sources: W. Bauer, ZDMG 117, 1967, 205-210; E.Br. Brooks in Sinological Profiles with photo (web.archive.org); N. Poppe, CAJ 12, 1968/69, 71-78 with photo (only discussing his work on Mongolian and Manchu); *AM 2, 1951/52 (Fs. Haenisch) with photo; * Studia Sino-Altaica. Fs. E.H. Wb. 1961 (3-11 bibliography); Wikipedia briefly (more in *German version).

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