ASCOLI, Graziadio Isaia

ASCOLI, Graziadio Isaia. Gorizia 16.7.1829 — Milano 21.1.1907. Italian (Jewish) Linguist. Professor in Milano. Born in a rich Jewish merchant family in Gorizia (Görz) as the son of Leone Flaminio A. (died early) and Elena Norsa. Never went to school, but was tutored by the famous Hebrew scholar S. D. Luzzato together with his own son —> Philosenno L. Started an early career of literary author and at the same time studied Oriental languages, gradually decided to concentrate in IE Lin­guistics. From 1861 until his death Professor of Comparative Philology (di Storia com­parata delle langue classiche e neolatine) at the R. Accademia Scientifico-letteraria di Milano. 1888 Senator. As a linguist criticized German Junggrammarians and was much interested in dialectology

Publications: Studi Orientali e Linguistici. 1–3. 420 p. Milano 1854-61 (i.a. “Epica indiana. Cenni intorno al Mahâb‘hàrata e particolarmente all’ episodio Nala. Testo e trad. italiana”, 1, 1854, 55–144 & 2, 1855, 186–233); St. Or. e L. 3 = Studi Critici. 1.; Studi Critici. 2. 520 p. Milano 1877 (i.a. “Saggi Indici”).

Zigeunerisches. 178 p. Turin & Florenz 1865; “Delle voce pracrite appa, atta, ruppo etc.”, Riv. Or. 1, 1867-68, 1113-1125; further articles in KZ, Mem. Ist. Lombardo etc.

Studi ario-semitici. 1–2. Mem. Ist. Lombardo ser. 3, cl. 2, vol. 10, n. 7 & 10, 1865; Corsi di glotto­logia. 1. Lezioni di fonologia comparata del sanscrito, del greco e del latino. Torino 1870, German transl. Vorlesungen über die vergleichende Lautlehre des Sanskrit, des Griechischen und des Lateinischen. 201 p. Vorträge über Glottologie 1. Halle 1872; Sprachwissenschaftliche Briefe. 228 p. Lp. 1887; founder and editor of the Archivio Glottologico Italiano 1-16, 1873-1902/05, with numerous own contributions.

– “Iscrizione inedite o mal note greche, latine, ebraiche di antichi sepolcri giudaici nel Napoletano edite ed illustrate”, Atti del Congr. Intern. degli Orientalisti IV Firenze 1880, 239–354.

Sources: T. Bolelli, D.B.I. 4, 1962, 380–384; *M. Bréal, BSL 14:2, 1907, 222f.; *Ciardi-Dupré, RSO 1, 1907, 573-575; *St. Gensini, Lex. Gramm. 1996, 45-49; works in Gli studi Orientali in Italia 1861–1911; Wikipedia (Italian with more details, both with photo).

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