MARSHMAN, Joshua. Westburg Leigh, Wiltshire 20.4.1768 — Serampur 5.12. 1837. British Missionary and Pioneer of Indology in India. Son of John M., a weaver, educated at village school of Westbury Leigh. Apprenticed to a bookseller he read extensively. In 1794-99 Master of a Baptist school in Bristol, studied classical languages. Hearing of Carey’s work he joined the Baptist Missionary Society and in 1799 left with his family, Ward and others for India (arrived in October). At the Missionary station in Serampur they collaborated preaching and translating the Bible or its parts into numerous Asian languages. At Serampur JM also started studying Chinese. D.D. In 1818 JM founded together with his son the first monthly magazine and the first weekly in Bengali. Founder of the Serampur College. In 1826-29 visited England and Denmark on the cause of missions. Interested both in Indology and Sinology. Hon. dr. 1811 Brown University (U.S.A.). Married 1791 with Hannah Shepherd (1768– 1847, daughter of J. Shepherd), of 12 children 6 survived, among them —> John Clark M.
Publications: edited with W. Carey: The Ramayuna of Valmeeki, in the original Sungscrit with a prose translation and explanatory notes. 1-3. Serampore 1806-10.
– Bible translations in Indian languages, with others.
– edited Schröter’s Tibetan Dictionary.1826.
– The Works of Confucius, containing the original text, with a translation and a preliminary Dissertation on the language of China. 1809; A Dissertation on the Characters and Sounds of the Chinese Language. 1809; Clavis Sinica, or Elements of Chinese Grammar. 1814; Biblia Sinica. 1817.
Sources: Buckland, Dictionary; T. H[amilton] in D.N.B. 36, 1893, 255f.; *J. C. Marshman, Life and Times of the Serampore Missionaries. 1-2. 1859.
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