MEYER, Leo

MEYER, Leo. Bledeln near Sarstedt (Hannover) 3.7.1830 — Göttingen 6.10.1910. German IE Scholar in Estonia. Professor in Dorpat. Son of Carl Friedrich M., a minister, and Jeanette Schlüter. After Lyceum in Hannover and Holzminden in 1844-48, studies at Göttingen, of German, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit (under Benfey), in 1855 also at Berlin (Bopp). Ph.D. 1856 Göttingen. From 1856 PD at Göttingen (of German, Sanskrit, Greek and Latin), from 1862 eo. Professor there. From 1865 ord. Professor of German and Comparative Linguistics at Dorpat (now Tartu) University in Estonia. In 1899 fled because of the Russification policy to Göttingen, where he was made a Honorary Professor. Married 1865 with Marie Haase.

Like many 19th century scholars LM attempted to be a general philologist commanding German, IE and Indian as well. In his published work he rarely discussed Sanskrit, but he taught the language to many students who then sought for further learning in Germany. Among his students were N. Anderson, P. v. Bradke, F. Knauer, Arvid Johansson, L. Masing, L. v. Schroeder, Stael-Holstein and J. Toepffer. Also interested in Fenno-Ugrian.

Publications: diss. Der Infinitif der Homerischen Sprache. Göttingen 1856.

numerous articles in KZ, BB, Orient & Okz., NGGW etc.; e.g. “Die griechisch-lateinischen Vocale”, Orient & Okz. 1, 1862, 55-116; “Die Kehllaute des gotischen Sprache in ihrem Verhältnissen zu denen des Altindischen, Griechischen und Lateinischen”, Orient & Okz. 1, 1862, 611-625 & 2, 1864, 75-90, 279-293.

Vergleichende Grammatik der griechischen und lateinischen Sprache. 1-2. B. 1863-65, 2nd ed. 1882-84; An im Griechischen, Lateinischen und Gotischen. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Syntax. B. 1880; Handbuch der griechischen Etymologie. 1-4. Lp. 1901-02; etc.

Sources: B. Forssman, N.D.B. 17, 1994, 363f.; *W. Reiman, FUFAnz 10, 1910, 108-111; W. Schlüter, Biobibliogr. slovar’ … Jur’evskago … universiteta. 2. Jur’ev 1903, 563-566 and *Sitzungsber. der Gelehrten Estnischen Ges. 1910, 167-172; Wikipedia with photo.

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