MICHELSON, Truman

MICHELSON, Truman. New Rochelle NY 11.8.1879 — Washington DC 26.7. 1938. U.S. Ethnologist and Linguist, interested in MIA. Professor in Washington DC. Educated at Harvard: A.B. 1902, A.M. 1903, Ph.D. 1904. In 1904-05 further studies at Leipzig and Bonn, in 1909 studies of anthropology under Boas at Columbia. In 1904-05 Parker Fellow, Harvard. In 1905-06 Instructor of Latin at University of Missouri, in 1906-09 private scholar. From 1910 Ethnologist, later Director in Bureau of Ethnology, Washington D.C. In 1917-32 Professor of Ethnology at George Washington University, in 1927-32 also Executive Officer of Department of Anthropology. In 1910-32 he spent every summer conducting fieldwork among Algonquins, in 1935 and 1936 among Eskimoes and Algonquins of Hudson Bay. Married 1903.

As a student of Boas TM combined linguistics and ethnology. Among his achievements is the first classification of Algonquin languages and important collection of Fox languages and folklore. In Indology he was mainly interested in language, especially in Aśokan inscriptions.

Publications: “Linguistic Archaisms of the Rāmāyaṇa”, JAOS 25, 1904, 89-145; “On some Irregularities of me and te in Epic Sanskrit”, JRAS 1911, 169-177; “Vedic, Sanskrit and Middle Indic”, JAOS 33, 1913, 145-149; “A Note on the Linguistic Affinities of Ardhamāgadhī”, AJPh 41, 1920, 265-274.

several articles on Aśokan inscriptions in AJPh 30, 1909, 183-187, 284-297, 416-429 & 31, 1910, 441-443; JAOS 30, 1910, 77-93 & 31, 1911, 223-250 & 36, 1917, 205-212; IF 23, 1908-09, 127-131, 219-271 & 24, 1909, 52-55 & 27, 1911, 194f., 296; brief notes on OIA and MIA in AJPh & JAOS, more rarely in JRAS, ZDMG, etc.

with W. Jones: Kickapoo Tales. 1915.

The Autobiography of a Fox Indian Woman. 1925; Notes on Fox Mortuary Customs and Beliefs. 1925; Contributions to Fox Ethnology. 1927; Buffalo Head Dance of Thunder Gens of Fox Indians. 1928; Thunder Head Dance of Bear Gens of Fox Indians. 1929; Notes on the Fox Wâpanowiweni. 1932; Fox miscellany. 1937.

Sources: *I. Goddard, Lex. gramm. 1996, 636; Who Was Who in Am. 1, 1897–1942; Wikipedia with further references.

image_print

Kommentare sind geschlossen.