MICHELSON, Truman

MICHELSON, Truman. New Rochelle NY 11.8.1879 — Washington DC 26.7.1938. U.S. Ethnologist and Linguist, interested in MIA. Professor in Washington DC. Educated at Harvard: A.B. 1902, A.M. 1903, Ph.D. 1904. In 1904-05 further studies at Leipzig and Bonn, in 1909 studies of anthropology under Boas at Columbia. In 1904-05 Parker Fellow, Harvard. In 1905-06 Instructor of Latin at University of Missouri, in 1906-09 private scholar. From 1910 Ethnologist, later Director in Bureau of Ethnology, Smithsonian Institute, Washington D.C. In 1917-32 Professor of Ethnology at George Washington University, in 1927-32 also Executive Officer of Department of Anthropology. In 1910-32 he spent every summer conducting fieldwork among Algonquins (especially Fox, now known as Meskwaki), in 1935 and 1936 among Eskimoes and Algonquins of Hudson Bay. Married 1903 Katherine Harrison.

As a student of Boas Michelson combined linguistics and ethnology. Among his achievements is the first classification of Algonquin languages and important collection of Fox languages and folklore. In Indology he was mainly interested in language, especially in Aśokan inscriptions.

Publications: Diss. A Study of Kālidāsa’s Lyric Poem, the Ṛtusaṃhāra. 44 p. 1903.

– “Linguistic Archaisms of the Rāmāyaṇa”, JAOS 25, 1904, 89-145; “On some Irregularities of me and te in Epic Sanskrit”, JRAS 1911, 169-177; “Vedic, Sanskrit and Middle Indic”, JAOS 33, 1913, 145-149; “A Note on the Linguistic Affinities of Ardhamāgadhī”, AJPh 41, 1920, 265-274.

Several articles on Aśokan inscriptions in AJPh 30, 1909, 183-187, 284-297, 416-429 & 31, 1910, 441-443; JAOS 30, 1910, 77-93 & 31, 1911, 223-250 & 36, 1917, 205-212; IF 23, 1908-09, 127-131, 219-271 & 24, 1909, 52-55 & 27, 1911, 194f., 296; brief notes on OIA and MIA in AJPh & JAOS, more rarely in JRAS, ZDMG, etc.

With W. Jones: Kickapoo Tales. 5+143 p. Leyden 1915.

The Autobiography of a Fox Indian Woman. 108 p. Washington 1925; Notes on Fox Mortuary Customs and Beliefs. 1925; Contributions to Fox Ethnology. 1-2. 162+183 p. Bull. Smiths. Inst. 85, 95. Wash. 1927; Buffalo Head Dance of Thunder Gens of Fox Indians. 5+94 p. Bull. Smiths. Inst. 87. Wash. 1928; Thunder Head Dance of Bear Gens of Fox Indians. 5+73 p. Bull. Smiths. Inst. 89. Wash. 1929; Notes on the Fox Wâpanowiweni. 5+195 p. Bull. Smiths. Inst. 105. Wash. 1932; Fox miscellany. 5+124 p. Bull. Smiths. Inst. 114. Wash. 1937; further books and articles.

Sources: *I. Goddard, Lex. gramm. 1996, 636; Who Was Who in Am. 1, 1897–1942; bibliography by *F. Boas, Intern. Journal of American Linguistics 9, 1938, 113-116 (but ignoring the Indological side); Wikipedia with further references.

Last Updated on 2 weeks by Admin

image_print

Comments are closed.