MIKLOSICH, Franz Xaver, Ritter von (Franc Miklošić). Pichelberg/Radomerščak (Untersteiermark, now in Slovenia) 20.11.1813 — Vienna 7.3.1891. Austrian (Slovenian) Linguist, Slavic and Gipsy Scholar. Son of a viticulturist, Georg M., went to school with the help of his uncle Thomas M., a minister. After gymnasium in Warasdin and Marburg/Drau in 1824-30, studied philology and law at Graz. Ph.D. 1838 Graz, Dr.iuris 1841 Vienna. For a while worked in law firms in Vienna. From 1844 Amanuensis in Vienna Hofbibliothek as Censor for Slavic, Modern Greek and Romanian. From 1849 ao. and in 1850-86 ord. Professor der slawischen Philologie und Literatur at Vienna University. From 1849 Abgeordneter, from 1861 Member of Austrian Herrenhaus. Ennobled as Ritter in 1864. Married 1852 with Cäcilia Rössler von Eichenfeld (1831–1867).
FM was one of the founders of Slavic linguistics. Perhaps because of his Slovenian background he claimed Slovenia as the Urheimat of the Slavs. In politics (as moderate liberal) he worked from 1848 vigorously for the sake of Slovenia and influenced on the Austrian school reform. He knew many languages and was also a noted scholar of Albanian and of Gipsy languages.
Publications: “Sanskrit und Slawisch”, Jbb. der Literatur 105, 1844, 43-70.
– a great number of publications on Slavistics, especially Vergleichende Grammatik der slawischen Sprachen. 1-4. 1852-62, new ed. 1875-83; Lexicon palaeo-slovenico–graeco–latinum. 1862-65; and Etymologische Wörterbuch der slawischen Sprachen. 1886.
– Über die Mundarten und Wanderungen der Zigeuner Europas. 1-12. DWA Wien 1872-80.
– Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Zigeunermundarten. SWA 1874, 1876 & 1878.
Sources: *R. Hummel, Lex. gramm. 1996, 639f.; *Klč, Slovenski biografski leksikon 2, Ljubljana 1933-52, 118-122; *M. Murko, “M.s Jugend und Lehrjahre”, Fs. R. Heinzel 1898, 493-567; H. D. Pohl, N.D.B. 17, 493f. (with further biographical references); A. Slodujak, Ö.B.L. 6, 1975, 281f.; Vyncke, Annuaire 20, 1973, 531; Matišić 1976, 297; *Almanach Akad. Wiss. Wien 41, 1891, 219-226; Wikipedia with photo and further references.
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