MILMAN, Henry Hart. London 10.2.1791 — Sunning Hill, Berkshire 24.9.1868. British Priest and Theologian interested in Sanskrit. Son of Sir Francis M., a physician, and Frances Hart. Educated at Eton and from 1810 at Brasenose College, Oxford. B.A. 1814, M.A. 1816. In 1816 ordained as priest. In 1821-31 Professor of Poetry at Oxford. Studied Sanskrit from books in order to be able to discuss Indian poetry in his lectures, later he had H. H. Wilson as adviser. His Oriental interpretation of the Old Testament history created a small scandal in 1830. From 1835 Canon of Westminster and Rector of St.Margaret’s, from 1849 Dean of St.Paul’s. B.D. & D.D. 1849. Married 1824 Mary Ann Cockell, four sons and two daughters.
Publications: Nala and Damayanti and other poems translated from the Sanskrit into English verse. 8+148 p. 1835 (from Mbh & Rām.); Nalopākhyānam. Story of Nala. An episode of the Mahā-bhārata. Sanskrit text, with a copious vocabulary and improved version of Milman’s transl. 346 p. Oxford 1860; transl. also publ. Oxford 1881.
– History of the Jews. 1-3. L. 1829, rev. editions; History of Christianity, from the birth of Christ to the abolition of paganism in the Roman Empire. 1-3. L. 1840; The History of Latin Christianity down to the Death of Pope Nicholas V. 1-6. L. 1855.
– New edition of Gibbon’s Decline and Fall of the Roman empire. 1838, and many editions; The Life of E. Gibbon, Esq., with Selections from his Correspondence and Illustrations. 16+455 p. L. 1839.
– Edited: The Works of Quintus Horatius Flaccus. L. 1849.
– Translated: The Agamemnon of Aeschylus and the Bacchanals of Euripides. L. 1865.
– Annals of St Paul’s Cathedral. 533 p. 14 pl. L. 1868.
– Other works and articles, also wrote poetry and dramas.
Sources: R.G[arnett], D.N.B. 38, 1894, 1-4; *H.C.G. Matthew Oxford D.N.B. 2004; *A. Milman (his son), H.H.M. L. 1900; Wikipedia with portrait by G.F. Watts (others in npg.org.uk).
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