MILLS, Lawrence Heyworth. New York 1837 — Oxford 29.1.1918. U.S. Priest and Iranian Scholar in the U.K. Professor in Oxford. Son of Philo L. Mills and Elizabeth Kane. Studies at New York University and Fairfax Theological seminary. D.D. New York. Ordained. Further studies under Roth at Tübingen. Invited by Max Müller to succeed Darmesteter in 1887 he settled in Oxford in order to be able to work on S.B.E. From 1897 Professor of Zend Philology at Oxford (the first Professor of Iranian philology in the U.K.).
LHM was mainly an Avestan scholar who concentrated on the Yasna, but here he took also the Pahlavi and Sanskrit versions fully in account. As a theologian he was interested in the relationship between the Avesta and the New Testament (and Philo of Alexandria).
Publications: translated: Yasna. SBE 31. Oxford 1887.
– A Study of the Five Zoroastrian Gâthâs, with the Zend, Pahlavi, Sanskrit, and Persian translations. 1-2. 1892-94.
– facsimile edition of the Yasna manuscript J2. Oxford 1893.
– The Gâthâs of Zarathustra (Zoroaster) in metre and rhytm. 1900.
– A Dictionary of the Gâthic Language of the Zend Avesta. 1. a to č. 1902.
– A Study of Yasna I. The Avestan Text in a reconstructed edition. 1910.
– An Exposition of the Lore of the Avesta in Catechetical Dialogue. 1916.
– a number of articles containing critical text of a Yasna in Avestan or in Pahlavi or Sanskrit translation edited, translated and annotated, in JRAS, ZDMG, JAOS, Le Muséon, JBRAS (1917), various felicitation volumes etc.; articles on Avestan language and religion in JRAS, ZDMG and JAOS.
Sources: Casartelli, JRAS 1919, 109-113; brief note in JAOS 34, 1918 and in Buckland, Dictionary; briefly Wikipedia
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