MOLÉ, Marijan. Ljubljana 28.7.1924 — 1963. Slovenian/Polish Orientalist in Paris. Son of the Slovenian author and art historian Vojeslav M. and a Polish mother. In 1825 father became Professor at Cracow and thus he spent his early years in Poland. In September 1939 the family had fly for war and, as Ivo Andrić, who was then the Yugoslavian Ambassador in Berlin, arranged them passports, returned to Ljubljana where the father became Professor of Byzantine Studies and MM himself escaped the war in concentrating on language studies. Matriculated 1942 he started studies at Ljubljana University, mainly Slavistics (under Ramovš) and linguistics (Oštir). In 1843 Germans closed the university and MM continued his studies privately, meeting professors at their homes. After the war father was again invited to Cracow where MM now continued his studies concentrating on Indo-Europeistics (Safarewicz) and Oriental languages (Kowalski & Willman-Grabowska). In 1947 he left linguistics and concentrated on Iranian; the dissertation was prepared under Kowalski, but only completed after his death. In 1947-50 Assistant in Oriental Philology and Lecturer in Slovenian at Cracow. In 1949-50 further studies in Paris under Benveniste, Menascé, Corbin, Massignon and Laoust, never returned to Poland, but visited Taškent and Tehran studying Persian language and manuscripts. In 1952 diplom of É.P.H.É., 1958 dr.-ès-lettres. In 1950-55 attaché de recherches at C.N.R.S., in 1955-59 pensionnaire scientifique at Institute Franco-Iranien in Teheran. Married, at least one son.
MM was an Iranian scholar interested both in Zoroastrian and Islamic periods. He was mainly a historian of religion and one of his major interests was the Zoroastrian influence in Shi‘a.
Publications: diss. on the Garshāsp-nāma of Asadī of Tūs and the Krsāspa legend, MS. Cracow 1948, a summary appeared as “Rustam a Kṛsāspa. Przyczynek dobadań nad formacją eposu irańskiego”, Sprawozdania Polskiej Akad. Umiejętności 1948, 269-272.
– diss. Le problème zoroastrien et la tradition mazdéenne. MS. 1958, publ. as Culte, mythe et cosmologie dans l’Iran ancien. 1963.
– “Contributions à l’étude du genre grammatical en Hittite”, RO 15, 1948, 25-62.
– a number of articles on Iranistics in SPAU, RHR, JA, Nouv. Clio, Farhang-e Īrān Zamīn, etc., e.g.:
– “Naqšbandīyāt. Quelques traités naqshbandis”, Farhang-e Īrān Zamīn 5, 1337, 273-323 & 8, 1339, 72-134; “Les Kubrawiya entre sunnisme et shiisme aux huitième et neuvième siècles de l’hégiure”, REI 29, 1961, 61-142; “Profession de foi de deux Kubrawis: ‘Alī-i Hamadānī et Muḥammad Nūrbaḫš”, Bull. d’Ét. Or. 17, 1961-62, 133-204.
– “Deux aspects de la formation de l’orthodoxie zoroastrienne”, Annuaire de l’Inst. de philol. et d’hist. orientales et slaves (Bruxelles) 12, 1952 (Mél. H. Gregoire), 289-324; “Un ascétisme moral dans les livres pehlevis”, RHR 247, 1959, 145-190; “La problème zurvanite”, JA 247, 1959, 431-469; “Rituel et eschatologie dans le mazdeisme”, Numen 7, 1960, 148-160.
– edited: ‘Azīzoddin Nasafi, Le livre de l’Homme Parfait. Bibl. Iran. 11. 1962.
– “La danse extatique en Islam”, 163 p. in Les danses sacrées. Sources Orientales 6. P. 1963.
– L’Iran ancien. 1965.
Sources: G. Scarcia, AION N.S. 13, 1963, 319-325; note in IIJ 3, 1959, 320; *Slovenian Wikipedija; photo in http://www.biblioiranica.info/tag/marijan-mole/.
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