MOHL, Jules (Julius von Mohl). Stuttgart 25.10.1800 — Paris 4/5.1.1876. French (German born) Orientalist in Paris. French citizen. Professor of Persian at Collège de France. Son of a high civil servant in Württemberg. After gymnasium in Stuttgart he started to study theology at Tübingen, but was soon attracted by Oriental studies. From 1823 studied in Paris Arabic, Persian and Chinese (Silvestre de Sacy and Abel-Remusat). From 1826 Professor of Hebrew or Oriental Languages at Tübingen, but allowed to continue his studies in Paris and resigned his post in 1831. In 1830-31 in England. In 1831 selected by French government for translating the Shah-name of Firdausi. A.I.B.L. 1844. From 1847 Professor of Persian at Collège de France, from 1852 also Inspector of Oriental Department of Imperial Press. Assistant-Secretary, then Secretary and finally President to the Société asiatique. Married 1847 Mary Clarke (1793–1888).
While he was mainly a scholar of Persian and more generally Islamic literature and history, JM was keenly interested in the progress of such fields as Indology, Sinology and Assyriology. He was a close friend of Burnouf.
Publications: With J. Olshausen: Fragments relatifs à la religion de Zoroastre. Paris 1829.
– Confucii Chi-king sive liber carminum, ex latina P. Lacharmi interpret atione. Stuttgart 1830; Y-King, Antiquissimus Sinarum liber, ex interpretatione P. Regis. Stuttgart 1834–39.
– Ed. & transl. the Shah-name of Firdausi. 1-6. 1838-68, unfinished 7. published posthumously by Barbier de Meynard.
– Annual Reports of Société asiatique published in the JA in 1840-67 and then as a book in 2 vols., Vingt-sept ans d’histoire des études orientales (Paris 1879), also containing full discussions of the development of Indology.
Sources: JRAS Proc. 1876, x-xiii; Buckland, Dictionary; C. Chaqueri, D.O.L.F. 687-689; *v. Prantl, SBaAW 1876, 209-211; Windisch; Wikipedia with drawing.