NÖLDEKE, Theodor. Harburg 2.3.1836 — 25.12.1930. German Orientalist (famous Semitic Scholar, also interested in Iranian). Professor in Kiel and Strassburg. Studies at Göttingen, mainly under Ewald, apparently also under Benfey. Ph.D. 1856 Göttingen. In 1864-72 Professor at Kiel. In 1872-1906 Professor at Strassburg. After the WW I he lived in Karlsruhe and although often ill was able to work until his death in a very advanced age.
TN was one of the most famous Semitic scholars of his time. He started with Hebrew, but did his main work on Arabic and Aramaic. Among his pioneering achievements can be mentioned the explanation of the relationship between various Aramaic dialects. He also worked on Ethiopian, on Turkish, on New Persian and on Pehlevi. In his work he always tried to combine linguistic and cultural studies. In addition to Semitics, at Kiel he also taught Sanskrit.
Publications: diss. De origine et compositione Surarum qoranicarum ipsiusque Qorani. 1856.
– numerous publications on Semitic languages and litteratures, among the most important being: Geschichte des Korans. 1860; Beiträge zur Geschichte der Poesie der alten Araber. 1864; Untersuchungen zur Kritik des Alten Testament. 1869; Mandäische Grammatik. 1875; Syrische Grammatik. 1880; Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft. 1910.
– Geschichte der Perser und Araber zur Zeit der Sasaniden. 1879; Aufsätze zum persischen Geschichte. 6+158 p. Lp. 1887; Persische Studien. 1888-92; Das iranische Nationalepos. 2nd ed. 1920.
Sources: C. H. Becker, Der Islam 20, 1932, 43-48; A. A. Bevan, JRAS 1931, 493-496; Fück, Die arab. Studien. 1955, 217-220; *I. J. Kračkovskij, Izv. AN SSSR 1931; *bibliography by E. Kuhn in Orientalische Studien. Fs. T. N. 1, 1906, xiii-li; *E. Littmann, NGGW Gesch. Mitt. 1930; *Snouck Hurgronje, ZDMG 85, 1931, 239-281; Wikipedia with photo.