ZIMMERMANN, Friedrich (Subhadra Bhiksu)

ZIMMERMANN, Friedrich (Subhadra Bhiksu). 1851 — 30.6.1917. German Bauddha. Studied mathematics and became an engineer. Became interested in Buddhism through Schopenhauer; he studied some Pāli, but was mainly influenced by Neumann’s Majjhimanikāya. Together with Seidenstücker, he founded in 1911 the German branch of the Mahabodhi Society and was its first President (S. was Secretary). A close friend of G. Grimm.

Publications: Buddhistischer Katechismus. 1888, new ed. by Seidenstücker 1921, translated into English 1890 (U.K.) & 1895 (U.S.A.), French 1889 (France) & 1897 (Switzerland), Japanese 1889, Italian 1897, Hungarian 1901 & 1906, Russian (printed, but confiscated by the censorship).

Sources: Peiris 113f.

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