ZIMMER, Heinrich Friedrich

ZIMMER, Heinrich. Greifswald 6.12.1890 — New Rochelle, N.Y. 20.3.1943. German Indologist in the U.S.A. Professor in Heidelberg and New York. Son of —> Heinrich Z. the elder. Matriculated in Berlin in 1909, then studied Indology under Lüders at Berlin. Ph.D. 1914 Berlin. He was taken to the army in the beginning of the war and could only continue his studies after it. PD 1920 Greifswald. In 1922 he succeeded Liebich as eo. Professor at Heidelberg. Dismissed from his chair by the Nazis in 1939 he went to Oxford (taught at Balliol College) and in May 1940 to the U.S.A., with his family. Visiting Professor at Columbia University in New York. Died in an acute pneumonia. Married in 1928.

HZ started as a philologist, but was soon widening his interests. Influenced by J. Woodroffe and C. G. Jung he concentrated on the interpretation of myths. He never visited India and his vision of ancient India has been criticised as too personal and remote to facts. His most famous books were published posthumouslu, mainly adited by J. Campbell.

Publications: diss. Studien zur Geschichte der Gotras. 50 p. B. 1914; unpublished hab.diss. on Buddhist Turfan fragments. 1920 (not in Janert!).

translated: Karman. Eine buddhistische Legendenkranze, übers. aus dem Divyāva­dāna. 224 p. Munich 1925; Spiel um den Elephanten. Ein Buch von indischer Natur. 188 p. 10 ill. Munich & B. 1929; Anbetung Mir. Indische Offenbarungs­worte. Aus dem Sanskrit. 56 p. Munich 1929; Der indische Geist. Übertr. des Aṣṭāvakragītā und Mātaṅgalīlā. 1937.

Kunstform und Yoga im indischen Kultbild. 191+13 p. B. 1926.

– “Der König der dunklen Kammer. In 3 Verwandlungen vom Ṛgveda bis Tagore”, ZDMG 83, 1929, 187-212.

Ewiges Indien. Leitmotive indischen Daseins. 172 p. Das Weltbild 14. Potsdam & Zürich 1930; Maya, der indische Mythos. 506 p. 12 pl. St. 1936; Indische Sphären. Schriften der Corona 12. Munich – B. Zürich 1935; Weisheit Indiens. Märchen und Sinnbilder. 1938.

Hindu Medicine. 1940.

Der Weg zum Selbst. Hrsg. von C. G. Jung. 1944 (on Ramana Maharshi).

Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization. Ed. by J. Campbell. 1-2. 248 p. 70 ill. Bollingen Series 6. N.Y. 1946, German tr. Zürich 1951.

translated: The King and the Corpse. Tales of the soul’s conquest of evil. Ed. by J.C. 316 p. Bollingen series 11. N.Y. 1948.

Philosophies of India. Ed. by J. Campbell. 687 p. Princeton 1951; German transl. by L. Heyer-Grote. 595 p.

The Art of Indian Asia. Ed. by J.C. 1-2. 1955.

many articles in Corona, Eranos Jb., ZDMG, etc.

Die indische Weltmutter. Aufsätze. Hrsg. von F. Wilhelm. 260 p. Frankfurt 1980.

Heinrich Zimmer: Coming into His Own. Ed. by M. H. Case. Princeton NJ 199? (9 essays).

Sources: D. Drüll, Heidelberger Gelehrtenlexikon 1803–1932. 1986; H. v. Glasenapp, ZDMG 100, 1950, 49-51; briefly D.B.E. 10, 1999, 664.

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