PLATTS, John Thompson. Calcutta 1.8.1830 — London 21.9.1904. British Indologist (Hindī Scholar) in India. Lost early his father and grew in modest circumstances, educated at Bedford School in London. Returned to India as a youth. In 1858-59 taught mathematics at Benares College, 1859-61 Principal of Saugor School, 1861-64 Professor of Mathematics and Head Master at Benares College. In 1964-68 Assistant Inspector of Schools, Second Circle, North-West Provinces, 1868-72 officiating Insp. of Schools, Northern Circle, NW Prov. In 1872 retired because of illness and returned to England, where he lived in Ealing teaching Urdu and Persian. From 1880 teacher of Persian at Oxford University, in 1881 matriculated from Balliol College as Hon. M.A., 1901 M.A. by degree. He was twice married, in 1856-74 (three sons, four daughters) and from 1876 (one son).
The grammars and dictionaries of Persian and Urdu compiled by JTP were much advanced to their precedessors and quickly superseded them. Especially the Urdu & Hindi -dictionary remained long in use.
Publications: A Grammar of the Hindustānī Language. 15+399 p. L. 1874.
– A Hindustānī–English Dictionary. 1881.
– A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindī and English. 1259 p. 1884 & many edd.
– tr. from Urdu: The Baitāl Pachīsī, or Twenty-five Tales of a Sprite. 8+181 p. L. 1871; Iḵẖwānu-ṣ-Ṣafā of Maulavi Ikrām Alī. 1875.
– A Grammar of the Persian Language. Part 1. Accidence. 1894.
– ed. Gulistan of Sa‘dī. 1872; tr. the same. 1876; ; Sa‘dī, Shaikh Muslihuddīn Shīrāzī. 1891 (facs. ed. of a MS.).
Sources: G.S.A.R[anking], D.N.B. 2nd Suppl. 3, 1912, 119f., rev. version in *Oxford D.N.B.; Parvin Loloi, Enc. Iran. 2014; briefly Buckland, Dictionary; Wikipedia.