RIEU, Charles Pierre Henri. Genève 8.6.1820 — London 19.3.1902. Swiss Indologist and Oriental Scholar in the U.K. Professor of Arabic in Cambridge. Son of an officer. After Geneva Academy studies of Arabic (Freytag, Gildemeister), Sanskrit (Lassen), etc. at Bonn in 1840-43. Ph.D. 1843. He spent a while in St.Petersburg, befriended with Böhtlingk, but soon estranged. In 1847 came to London and was employed in British Museum, from 1867 as Curator of Oriental Manuscripts. From 1895 Adams Professor of Arabic at Cambridge (a modest position with small salary), but continued his manuscript work. Married 1850 Anne-Marie-Agnes Hisgen (d. 1871, a Dutchwoman), and 1871 her niece Agnes Hisgen (d. 1920), with the latter had one daughter and four sons (Sir Jean-Louis R., of I.C.S., other three fell in the WW I).
Publications: edited with Böhtlingk: Hemak’andra’s Abhidhânacintâmaṇi, ein systematisch angeordnetes synonymisches Lexicon. 444 p. St.P. 1847.
– ed. with D. Forbes, Ikhwānu-ṣ-Ṣafā. Translated from the Arabic into Hindūstānī, by Maulawī Ikrām Alī. L. 1862.
– Catalogue of the Arabic MSS. in British Museum. 3. L. 1871; Supplement to the Cat. of the Ar. MSS. L. 1894; Catalogue of Persian MSS. in British Museum. 1-4. 1879-95; Catalogue of Turkish MSS. in British Museum. 1888.
Sources: Windisch 379f.; *J. Browne, JRAS 1902, 718-721; Buckland, Dictionary; Hist.-biogr. Lex. der Schweiz 5; Schweizerisches Geschlechtbuch 6, 1936; Wikipedia.