ROERICH, Nicholas (Nikolaj Konstantinovič Rërih). St.Petersburg 9.10.1874 — Naggar, Himachal Pradesh 1.3.1948. Russian Painter, lay Archaeologist, Theosoph and Central Asian Traveller. Father of —> G. N. R. and Svjatoslav R. (Svetoslav, 1904–1993, painter in India). Studied art and law in St.Peterburg, worked as an much appreciated artist and art teacher there. After marriage became interested in Asian religions and Theosophy. After the revolution tried collaboration, but soon emigrated with his family to Finland in 1918 and next year via London to the U.S.A. After some years in New York went to India to start the Roerich Expedition. Extensive travels in 1925-28 in Central Asia, beside scientific (and suspected political) he had here utopian religious motives. Except the Manchurian expedition in 1934-35 he spent the rest of his life in India, preparing a famous series of paintings of the Himalayas. Married 1901 with Helena Ivanovna Šapošnikova (1879–1955). Much of his art is housed in the Nicholar Roerich Museum in New York.
Sources: Wikipedia with further references and several photos and illustrations of his paintings; drawing in Canada-Mongolia Review 5, 1979.
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