ROYLE, John Forbes

ROYLE, John Forbes. Cawnpur (Kanpur) 10.5.1799 — Acton near London 2.1.1858. British (Scots) Physician, Botanist and Scientist in India. “Son of Capt. William Henry Royle, educated at Edinburgh and Addiscombe, but became Assistant Surgeon in Bengal, 1819. M.D. Superintendent of the Botanic Garden at Saharanpur, 1823-31, cultivated useful vegetable products.” Advocated the introduction of cinchona into India. Beside plants, studied geology and paleontology. Retired 1831 and returned to Europe. In 1837-56 Professor of Materia Medica and Therapeutics at King’s College, London. Also in charge of a museum of Indian vegetable products in India Office. Munich. Married 1839 with Annette Solly, three sons, one daughter.

Publications: Illustrations of the Botany and Other Branches of the Natural History of the Himalayan Mountains. 1-2. 1839.

An Essay on the antiquity of Hindoo medicine, including an introductory lecture to the course of materia medica and therapeutics, delivered at King’s College. 196 p. L. 1837.

An essay on the productive resources of India. 1840; On the culture and commerce of cotton in India and elsewhere. 1851; The fibrous plants of India fitted for cordage, clothing, and paper. 1855.

Sources: JRAS 17, 1860, Proc. for 1858, ii-v; Buckland, Dictionary; Wikipedia with two drawings.

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