WIKANDER, Oscar Stig

WIKANDER, Oscar Stig. Norrtälje 27.8.1908 — 20.12.1983. Swedish Indo-Iranian Scholar. Professor in Uppsala. Son of a pharmacist, educated in Uppsala. Studies in 1925-38 at Uppsala under Charpentier and Nyberg, also at Copenhagen under Christensen, and at Paris and Berlin. Degrees at Uppsala: 1927 phil.mag. in classics, 1937 phil.lic., 1938 phil.dr. with the very first dissertation on Iranian topic in Sweden. In 1938-39 Lecturer in Swedish language at Munich. PD 1941 Lund, in Iranian Languages. From 1953 Professor i sanskrit med jämförande indoeuropeisk språkforskning at Uppsala, retired in 1974. Visiting Professor at Columbia University in N.Y. in 1959-60, at Colegio de México 1966-67 and at University of Chicago in 1967. Among his students were G. Gren-Eklund, F. Josephson and Bo Utas. Married in 1937 Gunnel Heikel, three daughters. According to Schlerath’s autobiography (198f.) he had Nazi sympathies. He was a friend of Eliade and Dumézil.

Publications: diss. Der arische Männerbund. 8+111 p. Lund 1938.

Vāyu: Texte und Untersuchungen zur indo-iranischen Religionsgeschichte. 1. Texten. Uppsala & Leipzig 1941.

Gudinnan Anahita och den zoroastiska eldskulten. Uppsala 1942.

Feuerpriesten in Kleinasien und Iran. Acta Regia Societatis humaniorum litterarum Lundensis 40. Lund 1946; “Études sur les mystères de Mithras. 1. Introduction”, Vetesk.soc. i Lund Årsskrift 1950.

– “Sur les fonds communs indo-iraniens des épopées de la Perse et de l’Inde”, La Nouvelle Clio 1-2, 1949-50, 310-329.

Recueil de textes kourmandji. Uppsala Univ. Årsskrift 1959:10.

Articles on Iranian, Armenian, and Indology, especially on the Mahābhārata, e.g. “Pāṇḍavasagan och Mahābhāratas mystiska förutsättningar”, Religion och Bibel 6, 1947, 27-39 (French version in Dumézil’s Jupiter, Mars, Quirinus 4, 37-53); “Sur le fonds commun indo-iranien des épopées de la Perse et de l’Inde”, La nouvelle Clio 1-2, 1949, 310-329; “Nakula et Sahadeva”, Or. Suec. 6, 1957, 66-96; “Från Bråvalla till Kurukshetra”, Arkiv för Nordisk filologi 75, 1959?, 183-193; “Tansarnāmeh och Mahābhārata”, AO 30, 1966, 213-217; “A Central Asian Loanword in Arthaśāstra”, Kuiper Vol. 1968, 270-274.

Articles on Armenian, Hittite, etc., also on Maya language and the Swedish poet Stagnelius.

Araber, vikingar, väringar. Svenska humanistiska förbundet 90. Lund 1978.

Sources: Bio-bibliogr. de 134 savants. 1979, 548f.; Uppsala Univ. Matrikel 1951–1960, with bibliography; Vem är Vem & Vem är det; *Stefan Arvidsson, “Stig Wikander och forskningen om ariska mannaförbund”, Chaos 38, 2002, ??-??; *Stig Y. Rudberg, “Stig Wikander”, Vetenskapssocieteten i Lund, Årsbok 1986, ??-??; Bo Utas, Enc. Iran. 2009; *annotated bibliography by M. Timuş in Studia Asiatica 1, 2000, 209-234; Wikipedia; photo in S. Kahle, H. S. Nyberg. 1991.

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