WINTERNITZ, Moriz

WINTERNITZ, Moriz. Horn/Nieder-Österreich 23.12.1863 — Prague 9.1. 1937. Austrian Indologist in Czechoslovakia. Professor in Prague. Son of a modest Jewish shop-keeper. In 1880-85 studied at Vienna classics and Sanskrit (under Bühler). Ph.D. 1886 Wien. In 1886-91 Assistant to Max Müller in Oxford, from 1891 taught at Oxford High School for Girls. In 1895-99 Librarian of Indian Institute at Oxford. PD 1899 Prague German University. In 1902 succeeded Ludwig as Professor of Sanskrit at the same (ord. from 1911). Retired in 1934. In 1922-23 visiting Professor at Santiniketan. Married, children.

MW was a many-sided Indologist. He started as a Vedic scholar and later became involved in epic studies. Since 1897 he worked for the planned critical edition of the Mahābhārata. His literary history is still the best complete account of Sanskrit and Prākrit literature. Zubatý as a linguist and MW as a philologist achieved a high standard of Indology in Prague. Beside Indology MW was known as a pacifist and women’s rights’ defender. Among his students Stein, Gampert, H. D. Sharma, K. Deshpande and P. Bahl completed their Ph.D. under him.

Publications: diss. Die altindische Hochzeitsritual nach dem Āpastambīya­gṛhyasūtra. 114 p. DWA 40. Wien 1892.

– “Notes on Śrāddhas and Ancestral Worship among the Indo-European Nations”, WZKM 4, 1890, 159-212.

edited: The Āpastambīya Gṛhyasūtra with extracts from the commentaries of Haradatta and Sudarśanācārya. 11+122 p. Vienna 1887; The Mantrapāṭha or the Prayer Book of the Āpastambins. Edited together with the commentary of Haradatta. 50+ 109 p. Anecdota Oxoniensia, Aryan series 8. Oxford 1897.

– “Der Sarpabali, ein altindischer Schlangenkult”, Mitt. Anthr. Ges. Wien 18, 1888, 25-52, 250-264.

– “Notes on Mahābhārata”, JRAS 1897, 713-759; “On the South indian Recension of the Mahābhārata”, IA 27, 1898, 67-81, 92-104, 122-136; “Genesis des Mahābhārata”, WZKM 14, 1900, 51-77; “Bṛhaddevatā and Mahābhārata”, WZKM 20, 1906, 1-36; “The Critical Edition of the Mbh.”, Indologica Pragensia 1, 1929, 58-68 & ABORI 15, 1934, 159-175.

A Catalogue of South Indian Sanskrit Manuscripts belonging to the Royal Asiatic Society. 15+340 p. R.A.S. Monogr. 2. L. 1902; with A. B. Keith: Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library. Vol. 2. 26+348 p. Oxford 1905.

Geschichte der indischen Literatur. 1-3. 505+405+697 p. St. 1908-20; rev. English tr. 1927–; Some Problems of Indian Literature. 130 p. Calcutta 1925.

– “Dialog, Ākhyāna und Drama in der indischen Literatur”, WZKM 23, 1909, 102-137; “Die Vrātyas”, Z.f.Buddh. 6, 1924-45, 48-60.

A General Index to the Names and Subject-Matter of the Sacred Books of the East. 16+684 p. S.B.E. 50. Oxford 1910.

– “Der Buddhismus”, A. Bertholet, Religionsgesch. Lesebuch. Tübingen 1911, 214-322; rev. 2nd ed. Der ältere Buddhismus nach texten des Tipiṭaka. 6+162 p. Ibid. 11. Tüb. 1929; Der Mahayana-Buddhismus nach Sanskrit- und Prākrittexten. 6+88 p. Ibid. 15. Tüb. 1930.

– “Beiträge zur buddhistischen Sanskritliteratur”, WZKM 16, 1912, 237-252 & 17, 1913, 33-47.

– “Die Wittwe im Veda”, WZKM 1915; “Die Frau in den indischen Religionen”, Archiv für Frauenkunde und Eugenik 1916-1917 and sep. 121 p. Lp. 1920 (pt. 1).

Rabindranath Tagore. Religion und Weltanschauung des Dichters. 50 p. Prag 1936.

numerous articles and reviews in WZKM, JRAS, ArO, etc.; Kleine Schriften. Hrsg. von H. Brinkhaus. 1-2. XXVI+968 p. Glasenapp-St. 30. Wb. 1989.

Sources: *Margot & Martin Kraatz, Carl Capeller, Moriz Winternitz und Theodor Zachariae. Indologica Marpurgensia 2. München 2010; *N. N. Law, IHQ 14, 1938, iiiff.; V. Lesný, ArO 6, 1934, 1-4 & 9, 1937, 223f.; *O. Stein. Litterae Orientales 57, 1934, 1-4; *O. Stein, Poona Or. 2, 1937, 35-48; V. S. Sukthankar, ABORI 18, 1936–37, 313-320; *Bibliography by O. Stein & W. Gampert, ArO 6, 1934, 275-291 & 9, 1937, 225-228; *O. Stein & V. Gampert (edd.), Festschrift M.W. Lp. 1933; https://libri.cz/databaze/orient/list.php?od=v&start=1 (in Czech); briefly D.B.E. 10, 1999, 535; Wikipedia with photo (further details in German version), photo also in Festschrift and Rau 81, another in Sardesai.

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