WOODWARD, Frank Lee (ps. Vanapāla). Saham Toney, Norfolk 13.4.1871 — West Tamar, Tasmania 27.5.1952. British Indologist (Pāli Scholar) and Bauddha (Theosophist). Son of aa Anglican clergyman, came in the age of 18 to Cambridge, where he was mainly interested in classics and sport. B.A. 1893, M.A. 1902. In 1894-97 teacher of classics at Royal Grammar School in Worcester and 1895-1900 at Stamford School in Lincolnshire (where E. M. Hare was his pupil), at the same time studied Sanskrit, Pāli and philosophy. In 1902 he joined Theosophical Society and 1903 left for Ceylon as Principal of the Theosophical Mahinda College in Galle. Finding the climate unfavourable to his health, he moved in 1919 to Rowella in Tasmania, where he spent his life cultivating apples and editing and translating Pāli texts.

FLW was both a scholar and personally engaged in Buddhism. He worked 16 years without salary as the Principal of the Mahinda College and donated 2000 pounds from his inheritance to the College. He was a sworn bachelor and vegetarian and spent all his holidays in Ceylon. His name he translated into Sinhalese Vanapāla (as Wood-ward).

Publications: translated: Yogāvachara’s Manual of Mystic, from Pāli & Sinhalese. 1916; Some Sayings of the Buddha. 11+356 p. L. 1925, 2nd ed. L. 1939; Udāna (Verses of Uplift) and Itivuttaka (As it was said). Minor Anthologies 2. S.B.B. 8. L. 1935.

edited: Buddhaghosa: Sārattha-Ppakāsinī. Commentary on the Samyutta-Nikāya. 1-3. 1929-32-??, repr. PTS Text Ser. 118-120. L. 1977; Dhammapāla: Paramattha-Dīpanī. Udānaṭṭhakathā (Udāna Commentary). L. 1926 (PTS Text ser. 143); Dhammapāla: Paramattha-Dīpanī. Theragāthā-Aṭṭhakathā. 1-3. L. 1940-52-56 (PTS Text ser. 134-136).

translated with C. A. F. Rhys Davids: Samyutta Nikāya. The book of the kindred sayings or grouped suttas. 1-5. L. 1917-30 (PTS Transl. series 7, 10, 13, 14, 16; 3-5 by F.L.W.).

translated with E. M. Hare: Aṅguttara-nikāya. The book of gradual sayings. 1-5. PTS Transl. Ser. 22, 24-27. L. 1932-36 (1-3 & 5 by F.L.W.).

Pali Tipiṭakam concordance. Listed by F. L. Woodward, E. M. Hare et al., arranged and edited by I. Fiser, A. K. Warder, K. R. Norman a.o. 1-3:6. L. 1952-84.

Sources: Peiris, Buddhism. 41-44 with photo; P. Croucher, Buddhism in Australia. 1989, 21-23 (quoted in Paper’s Web-Materialien; Wikipedia with photo.

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