ŞĂINEANU, Lazar (Lazare Sainéan, Eliezer Schein). Ploieşti 23.4.1859 — Paris 11.5.1934. Rumanian Romance Linguist, also interested in IE and Sanskrit. Born in a modest Jewish family. Studies at Bucureşti under Haşdeu, Georgian et al., further studies in Paris under Gaston Paris, Bréal and Bergaigne, then at Leipzig (Brugmann and Leskien). Ph.D. 188? Bucureşti, again 1889 Leipzig (on folklore). In 1890-92 acting for Haşdeu taught at Bucureşti University, but antisemitic legislation barred his advance and he had to teach Latin at high school. He fought vainly to obtain naturalization as a citizen and finally lost even his post as teacher. In 1901 he moved to France where he lived as linguistic author now concentrating on Romanics.
LS knew Sanskrit well, but rarely used it in his publications, which mainly dealt with Romanian literature and folklore and Oriental influences in them, later mainly Romance linguistics. Also worked on Yiddish.
Publications: Basmele Rominilor. 1885 (Romanian Tales, some compared with Indian).
– Influenţa orientală asupra limbii şi culturii române. 1-2. Bucur. 1900; other works on Romanian.
– “Les rites de la construction dans l’Europe orientale”, RHR 45, 1902, 359-396.
– La langue de Rabelais. P. 1923; Les sources indigènes de l’etymologie française. 1-3. P. 1925-30; and other works.
Sources: Banateanu, Indo-Asian Cult. 7:3, 1959, 278 & Visva-Bh. Quart. 27, 1961-62, 246; Poghirc, 496; S. Stati, Lex. Gramm. 1996, 813; detailed account in Wikipedia with photo; not in Ionesco 1994.
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