SAINT-MARTIN, Antoine-Jean

SAINT-MARTIN, Antoine-Jean. Paris 17.1.1791 — Paris 17.7.1832. French Oriental (mainly Armenian) Scholar. Son of a tradesman and student of Silvestre de Sacy. From 1820 member of A.I.B.L. From 1824 director of the Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal. Died in the cholera epidemy.

S-M participated in the decipherment of Old Persian cuneiform (following Grotefend) and occasionally wrote on India, too. He attempted to cover many fields (also Egyptology) and has been characterized as being somewhat superficial and rash in his conclusions.

Publications: Mémoires historiques et géographiques sur l’Arménie. 1-2. P. 1818-19; with J. Zohrab, Choix de fables de Vartan. 12+96 p. P. 1825 (ed. & tr.); other works on Armenian.

– “Notice sur l’ancienne histoire de l’Inde et sur les historiens du Kaschmyr en particulier”, JA 1, 1822, 361-368.

– “Extrait d’un Mémoire relatif aux antiques Inscriptions de Persépolis”, JA 2, 1823, 65-90; “Nouvelles Observations sur les Inscriptions de Persépolis”, MAIBL 12:2, 1836, 113-146.

Fragments d’une histoire des Arsacides. 1-2. Paris 1850.

Sources: N.B.G.; Wikipedia.

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