CRAUFURD, Quintin

CRAUFURD, Quintin. Kilwinning, Ayrshire 22.9.1743 — Paris 23.11.1819. British (Scottish) Civil Servant in India. Younger son of the elder Quintin Cr. and Ann Robinson. As a typical Nabob he earned a fortune in India in E.I.C.’s service. Returned from India in 1780 and in 1783 settled in Paris, where he…

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BARROS, João de

BARROS, João de. Vila Verde, Viseu (?), Portugal 1496? — Ribeira de Litém near Pombal 20.10.1570. Portuguese Humanist, Civil Servant, and Contemporary Historian of Early Colonial India. Illegitimate son of nobleman Lopo de Barros from Northern Portugal. Attracted attention of the court with his literary products. In 1522 he was sent to…

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STRZYGOWSKI, Josef

STRZYGOWSKI, Josef. Biala, Austrian Silesia (now Bielsko-Biała in Poland) 7.3.1862 — Vienna 2.1.1941. Austrian Art Historian. Professor in Vienna. Son of a cloth manufacturer, and his wife Edle Trass von Friedenfelt, of minor nobility. In 1880 took apprenticeship in a weaving plant, but later abandoned this career. From 1882 studies…

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SCHURHAMMER, Georg

SCHURHAMMER, Georg Otto. Unterglottertal, Südschwarzwald 25.9.1882 — Rome 2.11.1971. S.J. Father. German Historian of Catholic Missions in Asia, especially of Francisco Xavier. Educated in Durlach and Karlsruhe. From 1900 theological studies at Freiburg i. Br., joined the S.J. in 1903 and continued his studies in the Netherlands. In 1908 went…

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SCOTT, Jonathan

SCOTT, Jonathan. Shrewsbury 1754 — Shrewsbury 11.2.1829. British Colonial Officer and Oriental (Arabic and Persian) Scholar in India. Son of Jonathan Scott and Mary Sandford, brother of John Scott (1747–1819), an officer in India and supporter of Warren Hastings. Educated in Shrewsbury. “To India, in the 29th N.I., in 1772,…

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STEIN, Otto

STEIN, Otto. Saaz, Bohemia (now Žatec in Czech) 21.10.1893 — Łódz Ghetto ?.4.1942. Czechoslovakian (Bohemian Jew) Indologist. Professor in Prague. Son of hops dealer Alois Lazar Stein and Charlotte Gerstl. Studies of Indology, Classics and history at Prague German University under Winternitz, H. Svoboda, et al. Served in WW I…

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SPRENGEL, Matthias Christian

SPRENGEL, Matthias Christian. Rostock 24.8.1746 — Halle 7.1.1803. German Historian and Geographer. Professor at Halle. Son of a merchant. After school in Rostock studied law at Rostock and Bützow, then English and history at Göttingen (under A. L. von Schlözer). From 1778 ao. Professor für Geschichte at Göttigen, from 1779…

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SCHLEGEL, August Wilhelm von

SCHLEGEL, August Wilhelm von. Hannover 5.9.1767 — Bonn 12.5.1845. German Indologist, Classical Scholar and Art Historian. Professor in Bonn. Son of Johann Adolf Schlegel, priest and author, of and old cultural family, and Erdmuthe Hübsch, nephew of the poet Johann Elias S., himself started early the career of a poet.…

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WILSON, Horace Hayman

WILSON, Horace Hayman. London 26.9.1786 (date uncertain) — London 8.5.1860. British Indologist. In India 1808-32, then Professor in Oxford. Born in a modest family. Educated in London and studied medicine at St.Thomas’ Hospital, but also learned the elements of minting. In 1808 left forBengal as Assistant-Surgeon, during the six months’…

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WESTERGAARD, Niels Ludvig

WESTERGAARD, Niels Ludvig. Copenhagen 27.10.1815 — Copenhagen 9.9.1878. Danish Indologist and Iranian Scholar. Professor in Copenhagen. Son of a master carpenter, Niels Nielsen W. and Sophie Magdalene Nyeborg. As a schoolboy he became interested, from the example of Rask, in comparative linguistics and Oriental languages. From 1833 studied at Copenhagen…

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