BABBITT, Irving

BABBITT, Irving. Dayton, Ohio 2.8.1865 — 15.7.1933. U.S. Romance Philologist interested in Pāli. Parents Edwin Dwight B. and Augusta Darling. Educated at Harvard (A.B. 1889, A.M. 1893, including Sanskrit), also studies in Paris 1891-92 (Pāli and Buddhism at E.P.H.E.). Instructor in Romance Languages at Williams College 1893-94, then at Harvard:…

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STEELE, Thomas

STEELE, Thomas. Walton near Brampton, Cumberland 27.5.1834 — Walton 29.12.1895. British Civil Servant in Ceylon. Son of William Steele, a poet. Joined the Ceylon service in 1856. Worked in Kurunegala, Galle and Kandy, then Assistant Government Agent in Hambantota (1869 there). Translator, after retirement in 1876 lived in Carlisle, Cumberland.…

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STEINTHAL, Paul

STEINTHAL, Paul. 18?? — 19??. German Indologist. Ph.D in 1881 Leipzig. One P.St., Ph.D., was living in Heidelberg in the 1920s. Publications: Diss. Specimen der Nāyādhammakahā. 84 p. B. 1881. – Edited: Udānaṁ. 8+104 p. L. 1885 (repr. P.T.S. Text Ser. 142). – “Aus den Geschichten früherer Existenzen Buddhas”, Zeitsch.…

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SCHULEMANN, Günther

SCHULEMANN, Günther. Neisse/Schlesien (now Nysa in Poland) 26.8.1889 — Dresden 15.6.1964. German Philosopher and Buddhist Scholar. Professor in Breslau. Son of Franz S. and Helene Meyer, brother of —> Werner S. Studies of Catholic theology and philosophy at Berlin, Freiburg and Breslau, Ph.D. 1913 Breslau. Ordained priest 1918. PD 1923…

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STRONG, Dawsonne M.

STRONG, Dawsonne Melanchthon. 1841 — 1903. British Colonial Officer interested in Buddhism. Son of Clement Dawsonne Strong and Charlotte Symonds. Served in Bengal Infantry, Major 1879, finally Major-General. Retired, in 1899 living in Edinburgh. Married 1870 Mary Lovisa Smith, six children. Publications: Translated from Persian: Selections from the Bostân of…

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SUMMER, Mary

SUMMER, Mary (nom-de-plume, really Marie [or Louise-Charlotte] Foucaux, née Filon). 1842 — 1902. French Indological Author. Daughter of Auguste Filon, a historian, wife of —> Ph. Ed. Foucaux. Married in 1862 (one source claims 1859), lived with her husband in Paris. Publications: Les religieuses bouddhistes, depuis Sakya Mouni jusqu’à nos…

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SYKES, William Henry

SYKES, William Henry. near Bradford, Yorkshire 25.1.1790 — London 16.6.1872. British Colonial Officer in India, with wide scholarly interests. Son of Samuel Sykes, an estate owner. Entered as cadet in 1803, Lieutenant in Bombay Army 1805, participated in the siege of Bharatpur. Learned soon Hindī and Marāṭhī and became interpreter.…

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STEINKE, Martin (Tao Chuen)

STEINKE, Martin (Tao Chuen / Tao Chün / Dao Jun Zhi Ming). Potsdam 23.1.1882 — Igersheim 29.8.1966. German Bauddha. Studied economics and founded his own bank which he directed until 1933. Became earlt interested in Buddhism and gradually moved from Theravāda to Mahāyāna. In 1922 founded Gemeinde um Buddha in…

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SCHOMERUS, Hilko Wiardo

SCHOMERUS, Hilko Wiardo. Marienkate/Ostfriesland 7.1.1879 — Halle 13.11.1945. German Missionary and Indologist (Tamil Scholar). In India 1902-12, Professor in Halle. Son of a physician, Cornelius Poppäus S., and Friederike Ries. Educated in Emden and from 1897 at missionary seminary in Leipzig, left for India in 1902following in the steps of…

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SCHOTT, Wilhelm

SCHOTT, Wilhelm Christian. Mainz 3.9.1807 — Berlin 21.1.1889. German Fenno-Ugric and Central Asian Scholar, and Sinologist. Son of merchant Johann Wilhelm Schott and Elisabeth Wahl. Started as theology student at Giessen in 1819-21, but then switched to Oriental languages and studied them at Halle, first Arabic (Ph.D. 1823), soon also…

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