SCHILLING VON CANSTADT, Paul Ludwig, Freiherr (Pavel Lvovič Šilling fon Kanštadt, Baron). Reval 5.(16.)4.1786 — St.Petersburg 25.7.(6.8.)1837. Russian (German of Estonia) Officer, Diplomat, and Lay Sinologist also interested in Tibetan, and in Physics. Son of an officer, of old Swabian noble family. After father’s death his mother married Karl von Bühler, a diplomat and the young baron lived with them in Germany and entered himself diplomat service after military education. In 1813-14 participated as officer in the war against Napoleon. In 1830-32 he travelled in Mongolia and Chinese north-western borderland together with —> I. Bičurin, collected a great number of Chinese, Tibetan and Mongolian manuscripts and xylographs. Also known of his work in the development of telegraph. Introduced lithography in Russia. Donated a Tibeto-Mongolian collection to Institut de France.
Publications: lith. ed. ’phags-pa-che-dar-ye-śes-dpag-tu-med-pa-žes-byab-theg-pa-čhen–po’i-mdo. d.i. – das ehrwürdige Mahâjânasûtra mit Namen: “das unermessliche Lebensalter und die unermessliche Erkenntniss. 50 p. St.Petersburg 1845.
– “Bibliothèque bouddhique ou Index du Gandjour de Nartang”, Bull hist.-phil. Acad. Imp. 4, 1847:21, 321-336 & 22, 337-339.
Sources: Deutsch-balt. biogr. Lex. 1710–1960; *L. Ligeti, “La collection mongole Schilling von Canstadt”, TP 27, 1930, 119-178; H. Walravens, N.D.B. 22, 2005, 768f.; Wikipedia with portrait, more details in German and Russian versions.
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