BAUSANI, Alessandro

BAUSANI, Alessandro. Rome 29.5.1921 — Rome 11.3.1988. Italian Orientalist (Persian Scholar). Grew up in a stricly religious Catholic family, educated in Rome. Studies in Rome, graduated 1943. Ph.D. From 1944 incaricato di lingua e letteratura persiana, Università di Roma, 1951-56 lettore ordinario; 1956-71 prof. di lingua e letteratura persiana, I.U.O.N. (Napoli), beside Persian also taught there Urdu and Indonesian. In 1971-88 prof. di islamistica, Univ. di Roma. In the early 1950s left Catholicism and adopted Bahaism. Corresponding Member of Accademia dei Lincei 1967, National Member 1983.

Publications: Much on Persian and Islamic studies; Italian translations including Corano. 1966.

Persia religiosa (da Zaratusta a Bahā‘u‘llāh). 492 p. Milano 1959, English tr. Religion in Iran. N.Y. 2000; Testi religiosi zoroastriani. 190 p. Catania 1957/62.

Transl. Omar Khayyam, Quartine (Roba’iyyat). Torino 1956; Muhammad Iqbal, Il poema celeste. Bari 1965, Rumi, Poesie mistiche. Milano 1980, etc.

Le letterature del Pakistan e dell’ Afghanistan: Urdū, Pangiābī, Sindhī, Pashtō, Bengalī Pakistana. 370 p. Milano 1958, 2nd ed. M. 1968; Le letterature del sud-est asiatico: Birmana, siamese, laotiana, cambogiana, vietnamita, giavanese, malese-indonesiana, filippina. 442 p. Florence & Milano 1970; Islam in India. Tipologia di un contatto. 27 p. Rome 1973.

With Ahmed Ali: Ghalib. Two Essays. 174 p. S.O.R. 39. R. 1969; with J. C. Bürgel: Iqbal und Europa. 85 p. Bern 1980.

L’Iran e la sua tradizione millenaria. 41 p. Roma 1971.

– “Notizia di una traduzione persiana indedita del Matsyapurāṇa della fine del secolo XVIII”, RSO 31, 1956, 169-177; “Notes on Persian Words in Tamil,” Proceedings of the Second Conference of Tamil Studies 1, Madras 1971, 460-78; “Al-Bîrûnî, un grande pensatore del medievo islamico”, RSO 48, 1973-74, 75-97.

Numerous articles on widely differring subjects, including many languages (even Basque) and religious questions.

Sources: Who’s Who in Italy; G. Scarcia in http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia; B. Scarcia Amaretti, Enc. Iranica 2008; Wikipedia (with photo).

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