SCHWARTZ, Christian Friedrich

SCHWARTZ (Swartz), Christian Friedrich. Sonnenburg/Prussia (now Slońsk in Poland) 22.10.1726 — Tanjore (Tañcāvūr) 13.2.1798. German Missionary in India. Son of Georg S., a baker master. Educated in Sonnenburg and Küstrin, then studies at Halle University. In Halle assisted Schultz in editing the Tamil Bible. Ordained 1749 in Copenhagen and went as Danish missionary to Cuddalore, in 1750 to Tranquebar. Learned Indian languages, worked in Ceylon and Tiruchirapalli (Trichinopoly) and Madurai (in the 1760s), under S.P.C.K. In 1768-78 Chaplain to the troops at Tiruchirapalli, then worked in Tanjore. Carried a secret mission of Madras Government to Hyder Ali in Seringapatam. He founded government schools and churches (in Madurai, Tanjore and Tinnevelly). Interpreter, then guardian of the young Raja Serfoji in Tanjore.

Publications: H. N. Pearson, Memoirs of the Life and Correspondence of the Rev. Christian Frederick Swartz. London 1834, also in German translation.

Sources: Buckland, Dictionary; V. Hantzsch, A.D.B. 54, 1908, 273-277; *S. Lee, D.N.B. 50, 1897, 443-446; R. Schwarze, A.D.B. 33, 1891, 205-208; Wikipedia (German version with portrait).

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