SCHOTT, Wilhelm

SCHOTT, Wilhelm Christian. Mainz 3.9.1807 — Berlin 21.1.1889. German Fenno-Ugric and Central Asian Scholar, and Sinologist. Son of a merchant. Started as Theologian at Giessen in 1819-21, but soon switched to Oriental languages and studied them at Halle, first Arabic (Ph.D. 1823), soon also intetesred in Chinese. PD 1826 Halle, 1932 Berlin. From 1838 apl. Professor (“für das Fach des Chinesischen, der tatarischen und anderer ostasiatischer Sprachen”) and from 1841 member of A.W. in Berlin. Teaching until 1884. I.al. known of his controversy with Schiefner. Married 1861 with Elise Meyer, no children.

Publications: Full bibliography contains more than 600 books, articles and reviews. The longer ones dealing with India and Central Asia include:

Diss. on Sunna, 1823; hab.diss. De indole linguae sinicae. Halle 1826.

Versuch über die Tatarischen Sprachen. 81 p. B. 1836; Über das Altai’sche oder Finnisch-Tatarische Sprachen. B. 1849; “Altajische Studien”, ABeAW 1859-71, over 200 p.

– “Über den Buddhaismus in Hochasien und China”, ABeAW 14, 1844, 161-288 and sep. B. 1846.

– “Das Reich Karachitai oder Si-Liao”, ABeAW 1849, 505-515 (also ib. 1879:1, 20 p.); “Über die ächten Kirgisen”, ABeAW 1864, 429-474; “Zur Uigurenfrage”, ABeAW 1973, 101-122 & 1874, 27-58; further articles on history of Central Asia and China, on languages etc.

Entwurf einer Beschreibung der chinesischen Literatur. B. 1854; Chinesische Sprachlehre. B. 1857.

– “Über die sogenannten indo-chinesischen Sprachen, insbesondere des Siamesische”, ABeAW 1856, 161-180; “Die Cassia-Sprache im nordöstlichen Indien”, ABeAW 1858, 415-432.

– “Zur Litteratur des chinesischen Buddhismus”, ABeAW 1873, 37-66.

many brief articles in the publications of Prussian Academy in Berlin.

Sources: briefly in Franke, Sinologie an den deutschen Universitäten. Wb. 1968, 10f.; *H. Walravens, Wilhelm Schott (1802–1889). Leben und Wirken des Orientalisten. 220 p. Wb. 2001, also in N.D.B. 23, 2007, 497f.; German Wikipedia with photo.

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